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World Countries Etymologies and Names Meaning

This list covers English-language country names with their etymologies. This includea notes on ord origins, indigenous names, etymologies and their meaning.

Country
Territory
Meaning and Words Origin
AfghanistanLand of the Afghans
Origin: - Sanskrit (aśvakan)
AlbaniaLand of Eagles
Origin: - Medieval latin
AlgeriaThe Islands
Origin: - French
AndorraShrub-Covered Land
Origin: - -
AngolaThe Land of Ngola
Origin: - Portuguese
Antigua and BarbudaOld and Bearded
Origin: - Spanish
ArgentinaLand beside the Silvery River
Origin: - Spanish language
ArmeniaLand of Hayk
Origin: - Ancient Greek language
AustraliaSouthern Land
Origin: - Latin
AustriaEastern Realm
Origin: - the Old High German Ostarrîchi
AzerbaijanLand of Fire
Origin: - Middle Persian
BahamasLand of Shallow Sea
Origin: - Spanish baja- and -mar
BahrainThe Two Seas
Origin: - Arabic
BangladeshLand of the Bengals
Origin: - Sanskrit
BarbadosThe Bearded Ones
Origin: - Portuguese
BelarusWhite Russian
Origin: - Belarusian/Slavic language bel- (бел-, "white")
BelgiumLand of the Belgae
Origin: - Latin
BelizeMuddy-Wattered Land
Origin: - unknown
BeninLand of Argument
Origin: - -
BhutanLand of the Thunder Dragon
Origin: - unknown
BoliviaBolivar's Land
Origin: - named after Simon Bolivar
Bosnia and HerzegovinaRiver Bosna and Property of a Duke
Origin: - Latin Bossina
BotswanaLand of the Tswana
Origin: - Tswana language
BrazilRed Like an Ember
Origin: - Latin (brasa-)
Brunei DarussalamAbode of Peace
Origin: - Arabic
BulgariaHome of Mixed Tribes
Origin: - Proto-Turkic language (bulģha-)
Burkina FasoLand of Honest Men
Origin: - More & Dioula language
BurundiHome of Rundi Speakers
Origin: - -
CambodiaLand of Kambojas
Origin: - Sanskrit (Kambojadeśa)
CameroonRiver of Shrimps
Origin: - German (Kamerun = shrimp)
CanadaThe Village
Origin: - Iroquoian language (kanata)
Cape VerdeGreen Cape
Origin: - Portuguese (Cabo Verde)
Central African RepublicRepublic of the Central of Africa
Origin: - French (République centrafricaine)
ChadLand of the Large Lake
Origin: - Kanuri dialect (tsade = "lake")
ChileWhere Land Ends
Origin: - unknown
ChinaCenter Kingdom
Origin: - Sanskrit (चीन = Cīnāh)
ColombiaLand of Columbus
Origin: - named after Christopher Columbus
ComorosIslands of the Moon
Origin: - Arabic (al-Qamar, القمر‎)
Congo (the Democratic Republic)"Land beside the Congo River"
Origin: - Kongo language (Kikongo)
Congo (the Republic)"Land beside the Congo River"
Origin: - Kongo language (Kikongo)
Cook IslandsRich Coast
Origin: - Spanish (Costa Rica)
CroatiaLand of Croats
Origin: - Medieval Latin (Croātia)
CubaWhere Fertile Land Is Abundant
Origin: - Taino language (cubao)
CyprusIsland of Copper
Origin: - Latin (Cyprium)
Czech RepublicLand of the Czechs
Origin: - Slavic language (Cžech)
DenmarkFlat Borderland
Origin: - unknown
DjiboutiLand of Tehuti
Origin: - unknown.
DominicaSunday island
Origin: - Latin (dominicus)
Dominican RepublicSaint Dominic's Island
Origin: - named after Saint Dominic
East Timor (Timor Leste)Land in the East
Origin: - Indonesian
EcuadorThe Equator
Origin: - Spanish
EgyptMansion of the Spirit Ptah
Origin: - Ancient Greek (Aígyptos)
El SalvadorThe Savior
Origin: - Spanish
Equatorial GuineaEquatorial Land of the Black Men
Origin: - Berber language (aginaw = "burnt/black")
EritreaLand of the Red Sea
Origin: - Ancient Greek (Erythrá Thálassa = "Red Sea")
EstoniaEast Land
Origin: - Old Norse/Scandinavian language (aust= "the east")
EswatiniKingdom of Swaziland
Origin: - -
EthiopiaLand of Burnt Faces
Origin: - Ancient Greek (Aithiopía)
FijiGreat Fiji
Origin: - Fijian language ("viti")
FinlandSwamp Land
Origin: - unknown
FranceLand of the Franks
Origin: - Proto-Germanic language
GabonHooded Cloak
Origin: - Portuguese (gabão)
GambiaThe River
Origin: - Mandinka language (Kambaa)
GeorgiaLand of Kartvelians
Origin: - Persian (gorğān)
GermanyLand of the People
Origin: - Latin (germania)
GhanaStrong Warrior King
Origin: - -
GreeceLand of the Hellas
Origin: - Latin (graecia)
GreenlandLand of the Kalaallit
Origin: - -
GrenadaPlace of Pomegranates
Origin: - -
GuatemalaLand of Many Trees
Origin: - Nahuatl/Uto-Aztecan language (Cuauhtēmallān)
GuineaLand of the Black Men
Origin: - Berber language (aginaw)
Guinea BissauBlack Bissau
Origin: - Berber language (aginaw = "burnt/black")
GuyanaLand of Many Waters
Origin: - Amerindian language
HaitiLand of Mountains
Origin: - Taíno language (hayti)
HondurasDeep Water
Origin: - Spanish language
HungaryCountry of Magyars
Origin: - -
IcelandLand of Ice
Origin: - Old Norse (íss = "ice")
IndiaLand of the Indus River
Origin: - Sanskrit (सिन्धु = Sindhu)
IndonesiaIndian Islands
Origin: - Greek (indos and nesos)
IranLand of the Aryans
Origin: - Middle Persian language (Ērān)
IraqLow lands
Origin: - Middle Persian (Erak)
IrelandLand of the Eiru
Origin: - Proto-Celtic language ("Éire")
IsraelHe That Struggles With God
Origin: - Hebrew (Yisra'el)
ItalyLand of Young Cattle
Origin: - Oscan Indo-European language (víteliú)
Ivory Coast (Cote d Ivoire)Ivory Coast
Origin: - French (Côte d'Ivoire)
JamaicaLand of Wood and Water
Origin: - Taino language (Xaymaca)
JapanOrigin of the Sun
Origin: - Japanese (Nippon or Nihon)
JordanDescend to the Sea
Origin: - Canaanite (yrd)
KazakhstanLand of the Wanderers
Origin: - Ancient Turkic language (qaz)
KenyaMountains of Whiteness
Origin: - -
KiribatiGilbert Islands
Origin: - named after Thomas Gilbert
KuwaitThe Fortress built near water
Origin: - Arabic (كوت = Kut or Kout)
KyrgyzstanLand of 40 Tribes
Origin: - Turkic language (kyrg/kırk)
LaosKingdom of Three Laos
Origin: - -
LatviaHome of the Forest Clearers
Origin: - -
LebanonWhite Mountain
Origin: - Phoenician language (??? = lbn)
LesothoLand of the Sotho people
Origin: - -
LiberiaLand of Freedom
Origin: - Latin (liber)
LibyaLand of the Libu
Origin: - Greek (Λιβύη = Libyē)
LiechtensteinLight Stone
Origin: - German (liecht- and -stein)
LithuaniaShoreland
Origin: - Latin (litus)
LuxembourgLittle Fortress
Origin: - Celtic language (Lucilem)
MadagascarGreat Red Island
Origin: - -
MalawiLand of the Flaming Water
Origin: - -
MalaysiaLand of Mountains
Origin: - Sanskrit (Himalaya)
MaldivesGarland of Islands
Origin: - Sanskrit (maladvipa)
MaliHippopotamus
Origin: - Bambara language (mali)
MaltaHoney
Origin: - Greek (μέλι = meli)
Marshall IslandsIsland of John Marshall
Origin: - named after John Marshall
MauritaniaLand of the Mauri
Origin: - Greek (máuros = black)
MauritiusLand of Prince Maurice Van Nassau
Origin: - named after Prince Mauritz Van Nassau
MexicoIn the Navel of the Moon
Origin: - named after Mexitli
MicronesiaSmall Islands
Origin: - Greek mikros ("small") and nesos ("island")
MoldovaDark River
Origin: - Slavic language (mold-)
MonacoSingle House
Origin: - Greek monos ("alone or single") and oikos ("house")
MongoliaLand of the Mongols
Origin: - Mongolian (Mongol)
MontenegroLand of the Black Mountain
Origin: - Venetian language (Crna Gora)
MoroccoThe Furthest West
Origin: - Spanish (Marruecos)
MozambiqueLand of Musa al Biq
Origin: - named after Musa al Biq
MyanmarSwift and Strong
Origin: - Sanskrit (Brahma)
NamibiaLand where there is nothing
Origin: - Nama language (namib)
NauruI Go to the Beach
Origin: - Nauruan (anáoero)
NepalThe Country Looked After by Ne
Origin: - uncertain
NetherlandsLowlands
Origin: - Dutch (neder)
New ZealandSealand
Origin: - Dutch (zeeland)
NicaraguaLand by the Water
Origin: - Named after indigenous Nicarao
NigerRiver Among Rivers
Origin: - named after the Niger River
NigeriaLand of the Niger River
Origin: - named after the Niger River
North KoreaGoryeo Kingdom
Origin: - named after Goryeo Kingdom
North MacedoniaLand of Tall People
Origin: - Ancient Greek makednós ("tall")
NorwayNorthern Way
Origin: - Old English (Norþweg)
OmanLand of Oman
Origin: - uncertain
PakistanLand of the Pure
Origin: - Urdu (pak)
PalauThe Island Village
Origin: - Palauan language (belau, beluu = "village")
PanamaPlace of abundance of Fish
Origin: - Named after a village; Panama
Papua New GuineaNew Land of the Blacks
Origin: - Malay (papuah) and Portuguese (guiné)
ParaguayPeople Born Along the River
Origin: - named after Payagua river
PeruLand of the River
Origin: - named after a leader;Birú
PhilippinesLands of Prince Philip of Asturias
Origin: - Spanish (felipinas)
PolandPeople of the Fields
Origin: - Proto-slavic language (pole)
PortugalWarm Port
Origin: - Latin (portus and cale)
QatarLand of Qatari
Origin: - named after Qatari
RomaniaCitizens of Rome
Origin: - Latin (romanus)
RussiaLand of the Rus
Origin: - Old Norse (rods-)
RwandaBig Country
Origin: - Kinyarwanda language
Saint Kitts and NevisSt. Christopher's and Our Lady of the Snows
Origin: - Named after Saint Christopher and Nevis
Saint LuciaLand of Saint Lucy
Origin: - Named after Saint Lucy of Syracuse
Saint Vincent and the GrenadinesIsle of Saint Vincent
Origin: - Named after St. Vincent of Saragossa
SamoaHoly Center
Origin: - Samoan language
San MarinoLand of Saint Marinus
Origin: - Named after Saint Marinus
Sao Tome and PrincipeSaint Thomas and Prince's Island
Origin: - Portuguese
Saudi ArabiaKingdom of the House of Saud
Origin: - Arabic
SenegalOur Canoe
Origin: - Wolof language
SerbiaLand of Serbs
Origin: - -
SeychellesSeychelles
Origin: - Named after Jean Moreau de Séchelles
Sierra LeoneLion Mountains
Origin: - Portuguese
SingaporeLion City
Origin: - Sanskrit language
SlovakiaLand of the Slovaci
Origin: - Slavic language
SloveniaLand of of the Slovenes
Origin: - Slovene language
Solomon IslandsKing Soloman Islands
Origin: - Biblical King Solomon
SomaliaLand of Somali
Origin: - -
South AfricaSouthern Land of the Africa
Origin: - English: Self-descriptive, from its location in Africa
South KoreaGoryeo Kingdom
Origin: - named after Goryeo Kingdom
SpainLand of Many Rabbits
Origin: - Norman French
Sri LankaHoly Island
Origin: - Sanskrit language
SudanCountry of the Blacks
Origin: - Arabic
SurinameLand of the Surinens
Origin: - -
SwedenLand of the Swedes
Origin: - Old English
SwitzerlandLand of the Swiss
Origin: - Alemannic German dialect
SyriaLand of the Syrians
Origin: - Ancient Greek
TajikistanLand of the Tajiks
Origin: - Sogdian language
TanzaniaLand of the Tanganyika and Zanzibar
Origin: - Arabic language
ThailandLand of the Tai People
Origin: - Thai language
TogoLand Behind the Lake
Origin: - Ewe language
TongaIsland to the South
Origin: - Samoan
Trinidad and TobagoIsland of the Holy Trinity and Tobacco
Origin: - Spanish
TunisiaLand of Tunis
Origin: - Berber language
TurkeyLand of the Turks
Origin: - Latin
TurkmenistanLand/Home of the Turkmen
Origin: - Turkmen language
TuvaluEight islands standing with each other
Origin: - Tuvaluan language
UgandaLand of the Ganda People
Origin: - Swahili Bantu language
UkraineBorderland
Origin: - Slavic language
United Arab EmiratesUnited Arab Kingdom
Origin: - Self-descriptive, from the Arabic.
United StatesUnited States of Amerigo
Origin: - Self-descriptive, from English.
UruguayLand of Painted Birds
Origin: - Guarani language
UzbekistanLand of Genuine Men
Origin: - Turkmen language
VanuatuOur Land
Origin: - Austronesian language
Vatican City (Holy See)Papal Palace on the Hill
Origin: - Latin
VenezuelaLittle Venice
Origin: - Italian
Vietnam Viets of the South
Origin: - Chinese
YemenLand of Happiness
Origin: - Arabic
ZambiaLand of the Great River
Origin: - -
ZimbabweHouses of Stones
Origin: - Shona language (dzimba- and -mabwe)