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British Pound

Currency Name:British pound
ISO Code:GBP
Symbol:£
Fraction:Penny
Central Bank:Bank of England
Number of Country & Territory Using British Pound:1 Countries.
Country & Territory Officially Using British Pound:United Kingdom.
Banknotes:Banknotes: £5, £10, £20, £50, (Rarely used: £1, £100)
Coins: 1p, 2p, 5p, 10p, 20p, 50p, £1, £2
Summary:

The British pound or the pound sterling (symbol: £; code: GBP), is the official currency of the United Kingdom, Jersey, Guernsey, the Isle of Man, Gibraltar, South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands, the British Antarctic Territory, and Tristan da Cunha. It is subdivided into 100 pence (singular: penny, abbr: p). The "pound sterling" is the oldest currency in continuous use. Some nations that do not use sterling also have currencies called the pound. Sterling is the fourth most-traded currency in the foreign exchange market, after the United States dollar, the euro, and the Japanese yen. Together with those three currencies and the Chinese yuan, it forms the basket of currencies which calculate the value of IMF special drawing rights.

The British Crown dependencies of Guernsey, Jersey and the Isle of Man produce their own local issues of sterling (the Guernsey pound, the Jersey pound and the Manx pound) which are considered fully equivalent to UK sterling in their respective regions. The pound sterling is also used in the British Overseas Territories: Gibraltar (alongside the Gibraltar pound), the Falkland Islands (alongside the Falkland Islands pound), and in Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha (alongside the Saint Helena pound), others having transitioned to dollar currencies, such as Bermuda in 1970. The Bank of England is the central bank for the pound sterling, issuing its own banknotes, and regulating issuance of banknotes by private banks in Scotland and Northern Ireland. Sterling banknotes issued by other jurisdictions are not regulated by the Bank of England; their governments guarantee convertibility at par. The pound sterling was also used to varying degrees by colonies in the British Empire.