|Flag Name(s)||[Flag Of Bhutan]|
|Color Scheme||yellow,orange white|
|Color and Design|
Divided diagonally from the lower hoist-side corner to the upper fly-side corner; the upper triangle is yellow and the lower triangle is orange, with a white dragon holding four jewels in its claws centered along the dividing line and facing away from the hoist.
|Meaning & Symbolism||The orange section of the flag represents the nation's Buddhist heritage. The yellow section comes from the traditional clothing of the King of Bhutan, and it represents the state's authority and power in the mortal world. The dragon has been a symbol of Bhutan and its people for hundreds of years, and the image has its roots in the nation's traditional mythology. It is placed in the center of the flag to emphasize the equal importance of the nation's Buddhist heritage and the state's power in the modern country.|
|Description and Brief History|
The national flag of Bhutan is one of the national symbols of Bhutan. The flag features a dragon (druk [Wylie 'bruk] in Dzongkha, the Bhutanese language) from Bhutanese mythology. This alludes to the Dzongkha name of Bhutan – Druk Yul (འབྲུག་ཡུལ་, 'bruk yul, lit. "Dragon Country" or "Dragon Kingdom") – as well as the Drukpa Lineage of Tibetan Buddhism, which is the dominant religion of Bhutan. An alternative hypothesis maintains that the notion of symbolizing sovereignty and the state in the form of a dragon emerged in neighboring China and was adopted by the rulers of Bhutan as a symbol of royalty in the early 20th century.
The basic design of the flag by Mayum Choying Wangmo Dorji dates to 1947. A version was displayed in 1949 at the signing of the Indo-Bhutan Treaty. A second version was introduced in 1956 for the visit of Druk Gyalpo Jigme Dorji Wangchuk to eastern Bhutan; it was based upon photos of its 1949 predecessor and featured a white Druk in place of the green original. The Bhutanese subsequently redesigned their flag to match the measurements of the flag of India, which they believed fluttered better than their own. Other modifications such as changing the red background color to orange led to the current design, in use since 1969. The National Assembly of Bhutan codified a code of conduct in 1972 to formalize the flag's design and establish protocol regarding acceptable flag sizes and conditions for flying the flag.
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