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Brazil Flag

Flag of Brazil
Flag Name(s)A Auriverde ("The Gold and Green"), Bandeira Auriverde ("Gold and green flag") [Flag Of Brazil]
Aspect Ratio(7:10)
Color Schemegreen yellow,blue white
Color and Design

A green field with the large yellow rhombus in the center bearing the blue disk, which is formed the celestial globe, depicted the starry sky of twenty-seven small white five-pointed stars spanned by the white equatorial curved band with the National Motto: "Ordem E Progresso" (Portuguese for "Order and Progress"), written in green.

Meaning & SymbolismThe green color of the Brazilian flag represents the forest, the yellow represents the abundance of gold in the country, and the blue means the blue sky. This popular belief passed this story around to be patriotic and meaningful to the people of Brazil. This however, does not represents the true meaning behind the origin of the Brazilian flag.

The new flag established in 1889 to represent the new Republic was only a redesign from the old imperial flag. The colors remained the same. Thus, this was what the colors really represented:

  • Green: The Coat of Arms of the House of Braganza, the family of Emperor Pedro I.
  • Yellow: Represents the Coat of Arms of Portugal and the House of Habsburg, the family of Empress Maria Leopoldina. She was the wife of Emperor Pedro I.
  • Blue: the sky of Rio de Janeiro on the night of November 15, 1889, when the Proclamation of the Republic took place.
  • Stars in the flag of Brazil: The flag of Brazil has 27 stars spread over the blue sphere. They represent the 26 states of Brazil and the Federal District.
Description and Brief History

The flag of Brazil, known in Portuguese as Verde e amarela ("The Green and Yellow"), or less usually Auriverde ("The Gold-Green"), is a blue disc depicting a starry sky (which includes the Southern Cross) spanned by a curved band inscribed with the national motto "Ordem e Progresso" ("Order and Progress"), within a yellow rhombus, on a green field. Brazil officially adopted this design for its national flag on November 19, 1889 — four days after the Proclamation of the Republic, to replace the flag of the Empire of Brazil. The concept was the work of Raimundo Teixeira Mendes, with the collaboration of Miguel Lemos, Manuel Pereira Reis and Décio Villares.

The green field and yellow parallelogram from the previous imperial flag were preserved (though slightly modified in hue and shape). In the imperial flag, the green represented the House of Braganza of Pedro I, the first Emperor of Brazil, while the yellow represented the House of Habsburg of his wife, Empress Maria Leopoldina. A blue circle with white five-pointed stars replaced the arms of the Empire of Brazil — its position in the flag reflects the sky over the city of Rio de Janeiro on November 15, 1889. The motto Ordem e Progresso is derived from Auguste Comte's motto of positivism: "L'amour pour principe et l'ordre pour base; le progrès pour but" ("Love as a principle and order as the basis; progress as the goal").

Each star, corresponding to a Brazilian Federal Unit, is sized in proportion relative to its geographic size, and, according to Brazilian Law, the flag must be updated in case of creation or extinction of a state. At the time the flag was first adopted in 1889, it had 21 stars. It then received one more star in 1960 (representing the city-state of Guanabara), then another in 1968 (representing Acre), and finally four more stars in 1992 (representing Amapá, Roraima, Rondônia and Tocantins), totalling 27 stars in its current versions.


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