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Croatia Flag

Flag of Croatia
Flag Name(s)Trobojnica ("The Tricolor") [Flag Of Croatia]
Aspect Ratio(1:2)
Color Scheme red,white,blue
Color and Design

A horizontal tricolour of red, white, and blue with the Coat of Arms of Croatia in the centre.

Meaning & SymbolismThe red and white is a representation of the Kingdom of Croatia, blue and white is representative of the Kingdom of Slavonia, and the color blue represents the Kingdom of Dalmatia. Yellow is also used to symbolize the Kingdom of Dalmatia but is not used in the triband design of the national flag. The combination of those colors in the modern flag represents the combination of the lands of those ancient kingdoms in the modern nation of Croatia.
Description and Brief History

The national flag of Croatia (Croatian: Zastava Hrvatske) or The Tricolour (Trobojnica) is one of the state symbols of Croatia. It consists of three equal size, horizontal stripes in colours red, white and blue. In the middle is the coat of arms of Croatia. The flag combines the colours of the flags of the Kingdom of Croatia (red and white), the Kingdom of Slavonia (blue and white) and partially of the Kingdom of Dalmatia (blue and yellow).

The red-white-blue tricolour has been used as the Croatian flag since 1848, and the pan-Slavic colours are widely associated with romantic nationalism. While the Banovina of Croatia existed within the Kingdom of Yugoslavia, it had a similar flag without the modern crown above the chequy. During the Independent State of Croatia, the flag was like the modern, but without crown and there was the letter "U" at the top left of the flag. Also, the first field of Croatian chequy was white. While Croatia was part of the SFR Yugoslavia its tricolour was the same, but it had a five-pointed red star with a yellow border in place of the coat of arms. The star was replaced by the coat in May 1990, shortly after the first multiparty elections. The current flag and the coat of arms were officially adopted on 21 December 1990, about ten months before the proclamation of independence from Yugoslavia and a day before the Constitution of Croatia on 22 December 1990.


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