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East Timor (timor Leste) Flag


Flag of East Timor (Timor Leste)
Flag Name(s) [Flag Of East Timor (Timor Leste)]
Aspect Ratio(1:2)
Color Schemered white,black,yellow
Color and Design

A red field with the black isosceles triangle based on the hoist-side bearing a white five-pointed star in the center superimposed on the larger yellow triangle, also based on the hoist-side, that extends to the center of the flag.

Meaning & SymbolismAccording to the Constitution of East Timor: the yellow triangle represents "the traces of colonialism in East Timor's history". The black triangle represents "the obscurantism that needs to be overcome"; the red base of the flag represents "the struggle for national liberation"; the star, or "the light that guides", is white to represent peace.
Description and Brief History

The national flag of East Timor (also known as Timor-Leste), is one of the official symbols of East Timor. It consists of a red field with the black isosceles triangle based on the hoist-side bearing a white five-pointed star in the center superimposed on the larger yellow triangle, also based on the hoist-side, that extends to the center of the flag.

According to the Constitution of the Democratic Republic of East Timor, Part I, Section 15: "The national flag is rectangular and is formed by two isosceles triangles, the bases of which are overlapping. One triangle is black and its height is equal to one-third of the length overlapped to the yellow triangle, whose height is equal to half the length of the Flag. In the centre of the black triangle there is a white star of five ends, meaning the light that guides. The white star has one of its ends turned towards the left side end of the flag. The remaining part of the flag is red."

The flag of East Timor was adopted in 2002. It is the same as the flag that was originally adopted when the country declared its independence from Portugal in 1975, nine days before being invaded by Indonesia. At midnight on 19 May 2002, and during the first moments of Independence Day the next day, the United Nations flag was lowered and the flag of an independent East Timor was raised.


According to history, East Timor did not have a flag until it became part of the Portuguese Empire. The earliest form of the flag began to represent the country in 1702. A variant of the Portuguese flag was proposed to represent East Timor in 1965, but it was never approved by the government of Portugal. The nation declared its independence and adopted the current flag in 1975, but it was in use for only a short time before the nation came under Indonesian occupation. East Timor gained a new flag to represent it within Indonesia in 1976, and it used that flag until 1999. The flag of the United Nations came into use at that time while the nation transitioned to full independence once again, and it was replaced with the current flag when the process ended in 2002.

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