|Flag Name(s)||[Flag Of Eritrea]|
|Color Scheme||red blue,green yellow|
|Color and Design|
A red isosceles triangle based on the hoist-side pointed toward the fly-side and then divided into two right triangles: the upper triangle is green and the lower triangle is blue with an Emblem (1952-1962) in gold (a vertical olive branch encircled by an olive wreath) centered on the hoist side of the triangle.
|Meaning & Symbolism||The green color in the flag stands for the agriculture and livestock of the country, the blue represents the bounty of the sea, and the red stands for the blood shed in the struggle for Eritrean independence with the 30 leaves in the wreath representing the thirty years spent in the struggle.|
|Description and Brief History|
The Eritrea flag is one of the youngest flags in East Africa. The modern flag is a clear reflection of the nation's history, since it combines the original flag of Eritrea with the flag of the Eritrean People's Liberation Front, a political organization that played a significant role in securing the country's independence.
Eritrea gained its first flag in 1952, but it was not an independent nation at the time. It was an autonomous region within Ethiopia, and it used that flag until it became fully independent. The 1952 flag had a light blue field and featured a green wreath and branch in the center. The wreath was chosen as a symbol of peace, while the light blue field was selected to honor the United Nations for the part it played in securing independence from European rule for Ethiopia and Eritrea. Eritrea secured its independence from Ethiopia in 1993 and adopted a precursor to the current flag during that year. The 1993 flag followed the same design as the current flag, but it was displayed in a 2:3 proportion rather than the 1:2 proportion that characterizes the current flag. The flag's proportions were adjusted to create the modern flag of Eritrea in 1995.
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