|Flag Name(s)||Sinimustvalge ("Blue-black-white") [Flag Of Estonia]|
|Color and Design|
A horizontal triband of blue, black, and white.
|Meaning & Symbolism||Estonia flags represent the land and the people of that nation. The upper blue band represents the sky over the nation, the sea that borders it, the ancient freedoms that the Estonian people have enjoyed. The black band represents the nation's soil and the independence that foreign powers have sometimes taken from it. The lower white band represents hope for the future and the work that it takes to turn that hope into reality. Some authors suspect that the flag's design came from the nation's forests in the depths of winter. The dark trees of the forest that are sandwiched between the snow and the sky bear a strong resemblance to the flag's pattern, and the forests themselves have sometimes been used to symbolize Estonia.|
|Description and Brief History|
The national flag of Estonia is a tricolour featuring three equal horizontal bands of blue (top), black, and white. The normal size is 105 by 165 centimetres (41 in × 65 in). In Estonian it is colloquially called the "sinimustvalge" (lit. '"blue-black-white"'), after the colours of the bands.
First adopted on 16 July 1922 after its independence, it was used as a national flag until 1940 when the Soviet Union occupied Estonia. After World War II, from 1944 to 1990, the Soviet Estonian flag consisted first of a generic red Soviet flag with the name of the republic, then changed to the red flag with a band of blue water waves near the bottom. The Estonian flag, which was also used by the Estonian government-in-exile, was officially re-adopted 7 August 1990 one year before its official restoration of independence.
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