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Georgia Flag

Flag of Georgia
Flag Name(s)Khutjvriani Drosha ("Five-cross flag") [Flag Of Georgia]
Aspect Ratio(2:3)
Color Schemewhite red
Color and Design

A white field with a centered red cross; a red Bolnur-Katskhuri cross centers each quarter.

Meaning & SymbolismGeorgia's flag represents Christianity. The flag has a white cloth with five red crosses, one central (St. George) and four equilateral (Bolnisski) crosses in the four quadrants. Rectangular and four small cross on a white background are the general Christian symbols that embody Jesus Christ the Savior and the four evangelists.
Description and Brief History

The flag of Georgia, also known as "the Five Cross Flag", is one of the national symbols of Georgia. Originally a banner of the medieval Kingdom of Georgia, it was repopularized in the late 20th and early 21st centuries during the Georgian national revival. The Georgian flag was designed by Jakob Nikoladze who won a contest, and was accepted by the Georgian de facto authorities on 25 March 1917.

According to history, the current flag was used by the Georgian patriotic movement following the country's independence from the Soviet Union in 1991. By the late 1990s, the design had become widely known as the Georgian historical national flag, as vexillologists had pointed out the red-on-white Jerusalem cross shown as the flag of Tbilisi in a 14th-century map by Domenico and Francesco Pizzigano.

A majority of Georgians, including the influential Catholicos-Patriarch of the Georgian Orthodox Church, supported the restoration of the flag and in 1999 the Parliament of Georgia passed a bill to change the flag. However, it was not endorsed by the President, Eduard Shevardnadze. It was adopted in the early 2000s by the main opposition party, the United National Movement led by Mikheil Saakashvili, as a symbol of popular resistance to Shevardnadze's rule as well as a symbol of the Rose Revolution.

The flag was adopted by Parliament on 14 January 2004. Saakashvili formally endorsed it via Presidential Decree No. 31 signed on 25 January, following his election as President. 14 January is annually marked as a Flag Day in Georgia.


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