|Flag Name(s)||Sang Saka Merah-Putih ("Lofty Bicolour red and white"), Bendera Merah-Putih ("Red-White Flag"), Merah-Putih ("Red and White"), Sang Dwiwarna (The bicolour) [Flag Of Indonesia]|
|Color and Design|
A horizontal bicolour of red and white.
|Meaning & Symbolism||Red stands for courage, while the white stands for purity. Another symbolism is that red represents the human body or physical life, while white represents the soul or spiritual life; together they stand for a complete human being|
|Description and Brief History|
The Flag of Indonesia "Sang Saka Merah-Putih" is a simple bicolor with two equal horizontal bands, red (top) and white (bottom) with an overall ratio of 2:3. It was introduced and hoisted in public during the Proclamation of Indonesian Independence on 17 August 1945 in at 56 Jalan Proklamasi (formerly Jalan Pegangsaan Timur) in Jakarta, and again when the Dutch formally transferred sovereignty on 27 December 1949. The design of the flag has remained unchanged since. The flag of Indonesia is based on the flag of the Majapahit Empire on Java at the end of the 13th century. This had nine stripes red and white, and is nowadays used as Indonesian Naval jack.
The flag of Indonesia is graphically similar to the Flag of Monaco, with a slight difference in the shade of red, and ratio of its dimensions. The flag of Poland has similar dimensions but has the colours reversed: white on top and red on the bottom. In both, the red is of a slightly darker shade.
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