|Flag Name(s)||Parcham-e Iran ("The Flag of Iran"), Seh-ye Rang-ye Beyraq ('"Tricolor"), پرچم سه رنگ ایران parčam-e se rang Irân (Three-Colored Flag) [Flag Of Iran]|
|Color and Design|
A horizontal tricolor of green, white and red with the National Emblem in red centred on the white band and the Takbir written in the Kufic script in white, repeated 11 times along the bottom edge of the green band and 11 times along the top edge of the red band, for a total of 22 times on the fringe of the bands.
|Meaning & Symbolism||In the Iranian culture, green symbolises growth, happiness, unity, nature, vitality and the Iranian languages. White symbolizes freedom, because white represents blankness and it is free to carry anything on it. Red stands for martyrdom; it symbolises bravery, fire, life, love, warmth, and sophistication. Historically, a red and white flag in a triangular form used to be the flag of the ancient Medes (Mada).|
Historically, a red and white flag in a triangular form used to be the flag of the ancient Medes (Mada). Cyrus the Great, a Persian, defeated his grandfather Astyages, the High Judge (King) of the Medes, and founded Iran by uniting the Persians and the Medes. The Iranian flag (which was later designed under Darius I the Great) symbolised this unity and victory (green above white and red) as the flag of the people of Iran.
|Description and Brief History|
The flag of Iran is a tricolour comprising equal horizontal bands of green, white and red with the national emblem ("Allah") in red centred on the white band and the takbir written 11 times each in the Kufic script in white, at the bottom of the green and the top of the red band.
This flag was adopted on 29 July 1980, as a reflection of the changes brought about by the Iranian Revolution of 1979, which resulted in the replacement of Pahlavi monarchy with an Islamic Republic, supported by a wide range of Islamist organizations and student movements. In opposition to the current regime in Iran, a number of Iranian exiles (particularly in Los Angeles, Paris, London, Berlin, Amsterdam, etc.) continue to use the Iranian tricolor with the Lion and Sun at the center.
Iran is descended from the ancient empire of Persia, so the history of the Iranian flag can be traced back to Achaemenid Persians of antiquity. Iran flags of the time featured a golden eagle, but the color of the field remains unknown. The Achaemenid dynasty eventually gave way to the Sassanid dynasty, which used a flag that displayed a star with four points.
Flags fell out of use entirely during the period immediately following the Islamic conquest of Iran, but they eventually returned to common use under the later ruling dynasties. Each Iranian dynasty introduced at least one flag to the country, and many rulers chose to change the flag soon after they took the throne. Most of these flags featured a green field with a golden sun and lion in the center, but the details varied significantly from flag to flag.
A precursor to the modern flag of Iran came into use in 1906. It featured the same three stripes as the modern flag, but it retained the golden sun and lion from previous flags. The emblem was replaced to create the modern flag in 1980 following the Iranian Revolution.
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