|Flag Name(s)||[Flag Of Jordan]|
|Color and Design|
A horizontal triband of black, white and green; with a red chevron based on the hoist side containing a white seven-pointed star.
|Meaning & Symbolism||The red triangle holds a white star with seven points. The star stands for the unity of the Arab people. Its seven-pointed star refers to the seven verses of Al-Fatiha (the first surah in the Quran). The seven points represent faith in one God, humanity, humility, national spirit, virtue, social justice, and aspiration. Each band on the flag represents one of the historical caliphates that ruled over a large part of the Middle East. The black band is a symbol of the Abbasid dynasty when used as part of the flag of Jordan, but it is commonly said to represent the Rashidun Caliphate and Muhammad himself when used as part of the Pan-Arab colors. The white stripe is a symbol of the later Ummayad Caliphate that follow the Rashidun Caliphate. The green band represents the Fatimid dynasty, which ruled after the fall of the Abbasid dynasty. The red chevron represents the Hashemite dynasty that rules modern Jordan and played a major role in the Arab Revolt.|
|Description and Brief History|
The flag of Jordan, officially adopted on 16 April 1922, is based on the 1916 flag of the Arab Revolt against the Ottoman Empire during World War I. The flag consists of horizontal black, white, and green bands that are connected by a red chevron. The colors stand are the Pan-Arab Colors, representing the Abbasid (black band), Umayyad (white band), and Fatimid (green band) caliphates. The red chevron is for the Hashemite dynasty, and the Arab Revolt. In addition to the bands and chevron, a white star with seven points is featured on the hoist side of the red chevron.
The modern Jordan flags reflect the nation's birth during the Arab Revolt of the first world war. The colors on the flag reflect the colors of the revolt, which makes the flag into a potent symbol of both the nation of Jordan and the Arab people.
The modern kingdom of Jordan was part of the Ottoman Empire for several centuries prior to the first world war. It was represented by the Ottoman flag during that period, which featured a white star and crescent on a solid red field. The Ottoman Empire first took control of Jordan in 1516, and it ruled it until the Arab Revolt broke out during the first world war.
Jordan became part of a British protectorate in the immediate aftermath of the revolt and the first world war, but that protectorate did have a flag of its own. The flag bore a strong resemblance to the modern flag, but the triangle did not extend as far away from the hoist as it does in the modern design. The flag was adopted in 1928, and it fell out of use in 1939. The flag's replacement has remained in use as the flag of Jordan ever since that point and has endured through several political changes in the nation during that period.
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