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Kazakhstan Flag

Flag of Kazakhstan
Flag Name(s) [Flag Of Kazakhstan]
Aspect Ratio(1:2)
Color Schemeblue yellow
Color and Design

A gold sun with 32 rays above a soaring golden steppe eagle, both centered on a sky blue field. The hoist side displays a national ornamental pattern "koshkar-muiz" (the horns of the ram) in gold.

Meaning & SymbolismThe sky blue background symbolizes the peace, freedom, cultural, and ethnic unity of Kazakh people including the various Turkic people that make up the present-day population such as the Kazakhs, Tatars, Uyghurs, Uzbeks, as well as the significant Mongol and Russian peoples. The yellow sun represents a source of life and energy. It is also a symbol of wealth and abundance. The sun's rays are a symbol of the steppe's grain which is the basis of abundance and prosperity. The eagle symbolizes the power of the state. People of different Kazakh tribes had the golden eagle on their flags for centuries, for the modern nation of Kazakhstan the eagle is a symbol of independence, freedom and flight to the future.
Description and Brief History

The current flag of Kazakhstan was designed when the nation's communist government left power near the end of the 20th century. The modern design draws on an ancient tradition of Kazakhstan flags and tribal emblems to create a flag that captures the spirit of the nation and embodies the history of its people.

The earliest flag of the Kazakh people dates back to the Kazakh Khanate, which ruled the region from 1456 to 1847. It had a sky blue field like the modern flag, but it was decorated with three white stars along the hoist and a complex knotted pattern in the center of the field. The flag fell out of use after the Khanate lost power, and no flag represented the Kazakh people until the rise of the Alash Autonomy, which had a flag of its own. The flag came into use in 1917. It had a solid red field emblazoned with a golden star and crescent that represented the Islamic faith which had become common in the area.

Kazakhstan and its people gained a new flag when a communist government rose to power in 1937. The flag resembled that of most other communist governments with a red field and a golden depiction of a crossed hammer and sickle in the canton. The flag was redesigned in 1940, but the fundamental design principles remained the same. The field was changed to a darker shade of red and gained a blue stripe in 1953, and that design remained in use until shortly after the fall of the communist government. The government left power in 1991, and the modern flag came into use in 1992.


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