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Kuwait Flag

Flag of Kuwait
Flag Name(s)Alam Baladii ("My country's flag"), Derti ("My Nation/Land") [Flag Of Kuwait]
Aspect Ratio(1:2)
Color Scheme black,green,white,red
Color and Design

A horizontal triband of green, white and red; with a black trapezium based on the hoist side.

Meaning & SymbolismThe black section represents Muhammad's banner and the Rashidun Caliphate. The white section is a symbol of the Ummayad dynasty, the green stands for the Fatimid dynasty, and the red stands for the Khawarij. An additional set of meanings for the colors comes from a poem written by the Arab poet Safie Al-Deen Al-Hali. The poem says that white is a symbol of deeds, red is a symbol of swords, black stands for battle, and green stands for the land.
Description and Brief History

The flag of Kuwait was adopted on September 7, 1961, and officially hoisted November 24, 1961. Before 1961, the flag of Kuwait was red and white, like those of other Persian Gulf states at the time, with the field being red and words or charges being written in white.

When The Utub settled in Kuwait, Kuwaiti ships were flying a flag common on the western coast of the Persian Gulf, a red flag added to it near the mast a serrated white ribbon similar to the current Bahrain flag and was called in the name of the Sulaimi flag. This flag was raised in the rule of Sheikh Sabah I bin Jaber in 1746 to 1871.

During the period of Ottoman rule in Kuwait, the Ottoman flag, red with a white crescent and star, was used. This flag was retained after the country became a British protectorate in the Anglo-Kuwaiti Agreement of 1899. In 1903, Lord Curzon, the British Viceroy and Governor-General of India visited Kuwait, and Sheikh Mubarak Al-Sabah received him and raised a red flag With White Words, توكلنا على الله (We trust in God) in Arabic writing The raising of this flag was a smart move, as Kuwait was under British protection and could not raise the Ottoman flag upon visiting British Viceroy in India to Kuwait. Two different flag designs were proposed but not adopted in the period after this. The first proposal in 1906, a red flag with white Western letters spelling (KOWEIT) and the second in 1913, the Ottoman flag but the word كويت (Kuwait) in Arabic writing as a canton.

The Ottoman flag kept being used until the First World War, when friendly-fire incidents with the British in 1914 during the Mesopotamian campaign around the river Shatt al-Arab occurred due to Kuwait and the enemy Ottomans both using the same flag. Because of this Kuwait adopted a new flag, red with كويت (Kuwait) in Arabic writing.[3][1][2] This flag was in use until 1921, when Sheikh Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah added the Shahada to the flag.[4][1][2] This version was in use until 1940, when he also added a stylized falcons claw to the flag.[1][2] These flags were also depicted on the Emblems of Kuwait. The red flag remained the national flag of Kuwait until the adoption of the current one in September 1961. The present flag is in the Pan-Arab colours, but each colour is also significant in its own right.


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