|Flag Name(s)||[Flag Of Lebanon]|
|Color and Design|
A horizontal triband of red, white (double height) and red; charged with a green Lebanon Cedar tree.
|Meaning & Symbolism||The red stripes on the Lebanon flag represent the blood that its people have shed in order to defend themselves and their freedom from foreign invaders. The white stripe represents snow on the Lebanese mountains, which is a traditional symbol of peace and purity within the nation. The use of the cedar tree as a symbol of Lebanon dates back at least as far as the Bronze Age. It represents peace and longevity in addition to its role as a symbol of Lebanon itself.|
|Description and Brief History|
The Lebanon flag is a rarity among the flags of the Middle East because it does not include any religious symbols. It instead focuses on symbols of the nation and its unique history. It follows in the footsteps of several relatively modern flags which had a significant influence on the current flag's design.
The flag is formed of two horizontal red stripes enveloping a horizontal white stripe. The white stripe is twice the height (width) of the red ones (ratio 1:2:1), a Spanish fess. The green cedar (Lebanon Cedar) in the middle touches each of the red stripes and its width is one third of the width of the flag. The Presence and position of the Cedar in the middle of the flag is directly inspired by the mountains of Lebanon cedar (Cedrus libani). The Cedar is the symbol of Maronite Christians. The cedar of Lebanon has its origin in many biblical references and was mentioned 77 times in the bible.
The first flag to be used in Lebanon was divided into equal portions of blue and red. It dates back to the early Bronze Age, when it was used by some of the Phoenician people. Lebanon has spent most of its time since the Phoenician period under foreign rule, and so it has often been represented by foreign flags. These include the flags of the Abbasid Caliphate, the Kingdom of Jerusalem, and a long sequence of emirates and sultanates.
The first modern flag of Lebanon came into use after the nation gained its independence from the Ottoman Empire. It was adopted in 1918 and it consisted of a white field with a green tree in the center. The tree emblem was placed on the French flag when Lebanon became part of the French Mandate in 1920, and the flag changed several times during the Mandate period. The modern flag came into use when the nation gained full independence in 1943, and it has not changed since it was first adopted.
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