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Madagascar Flag


Flag of Madagascar
Flag Name(s) [Flag Of Madagascar]
Aspect Ratio(2:3)
Color Scheme white,red,green
Color and Design

Two horizontal bands of red and green with a white vertical band on the hoist side.

Meaning & SymbolismThe colors of the flag represent Madagascar's history and traditional peasant classes. The red and white were the colors of the Merina kingdom, which was conquered by France in 1896. They were used in the flag of the last Merina monarch, Queen Ranavalona III. The green was the color of the Hova, the largest class of peasant commoners, who played a significant role in anti-French agitation and the independence movement.
Description and Brief History

The flag of Madagascar was adopted on 14 October 1958, two years before the independence of that nation, as Madagascar prepared for a referendum on its status in the French Community.

The colors of the flag represent Madagascar's history, yearning for independence, and traditional classes. Red and white were the colors of the Merina kingdom, which succumbed to France in 1896. They were used in the flag of the last Merina monarch, Queen Ranavalona III. They may indicate the ethnic origins of the Malagasy people in Southeast Asia, and are shared by the flag of Indonesia. Green was the color of the Hova, the largest class of peasant commoners, who played a significant role in anti-French agitation and the independence movement.

The first Madagascar flag in recorded history was also a Malagasy flag that represented the people. It was flown by the Merina Kingdom, which adopted the flag several hundred years after it first rose to power in Madagascar. The flag was a horizontal bicolor of white and red, which bears a strong resemblance to many flags used by the people of the Pacific Ocean. The colors have strong symbolic value among the people of the Pacific, and their use in the flag of the Merina Kingdom was most likely a reflection of the kingdom's ethnic heritage. The flag fell out of use in 1885, when the government of France began to exert control over Madagascar.

France established the Malagasy Protectorate in 1885, and Madagascar began to use a new flag at the same time. It was a horizontal rotation of the French tricolor with a red crescent near the hoist. It was replaced by the normal flag of France in 1896 when France centralized its control over Madagascar.

The modern flag came into use in 1958, which was two years before the nation formally became independent. It is the only national flag that Madagascar has used since it became independent from the nation of France.

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