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Mexico Flag

Flag of Mexico
Flag Name(s) [Flag Of Mexico]
Aspect Ratio(4:7)
Color Scheme green,white,red brown,blue
Color and Design

A vertical tricolor of green, white and red with the National Coat of Arms centered on the white band.

Meaning & SymbolismThe green color represents the Independence Movement. The white stripe represents the purity of the Catholic faith. The red represents the Spaniards that joined in the quest for Independence and the blood of the national heroes. The eagle coat of arms symbolizes the Aztec heritage. According to legend, the gods had advised the Aztecs that the place where they should establish their city was to be identified when they saw an eagle, perched on a prickly pear tree, devouring a serpent. They saw this mythical eagle on a marshy lake that is now the main plaza in Mexico City.
Description and Brief History

The flag of Mexico is a vertical tricolor of green, white, and red with the national coat of arms charged in the center of the white stripe. While the meaning of the colors has changed over time, these three colors were adopted by Mexico following independence from Spain during the country's War of Independence, and subsequent First Mexican Empire. The form of the coat of arms was most recently revised in 1968, but the overall design has been used since 1821, when the First National Flag was created.

Red, white, and green are the colors of the national army in Mexico. The central emblem is the Mexican coat of arms, based on the Aztec symbol for Tenochtitlan (now Mexico City), the center of the Aztec empire. It recalls the legend of an eagle sitting on a cactus while devouring a serpent that signaled to the Aztecs where to found their city, Tenochtitlan. A ribbon in the national colors is at the bottom of the coat of arms. Throughout history, the flag has changed several times, as the design of the coat of arms and the length-width ratios of the flag have been modified. However, the coat of arms has had the same features throughout: an eagle, holding a serpent in its talon, is perched on top of a prickly pear cactus; the cactus is situated on a rock that rises above a lake.

The current law of national symbols, Law on the National Arms, Flag, and Anthem, that governs the use of the national flag has been in place since 1984. The current national flag is also used as the Mexican naval ensign by ships registered in Mexico.

Mexico flags have changed at least four times over the years. In 1821, when Mexico became an independent nation, the imperial parliament adopted the vertical tricolor flag of red, white and green with the national coat of arms. The coat of arms at that time contained only the eagle with its head beneath a crown.

In 1823, when Mexico became a federal republic, the flag was revised only by appearance of the coat of arms. The crown above the eagle's head was removed and the eagle's right talon held a serpent. The 1823 Mexico flag was also the first to include the oak and laurel branches, which are still included on the current flag.

When the Second Mexican Empire was established in 1864, the flag was changed once again. This flag continued the vertical tricolor with the coat of arms displayed in the center white stripe, but at each corner of the flag were placed four crowned eagles in an apparent attempt by the Emperor Maximilian to emulate the French Imperial arms.

Finally, in 1968, Mexico adopted the current national flag. It features the same vertical tricolor with emblazoned coat of arms at center stage on the white stripe as the other flags, with the side facing eagle on the coat of arms adapted from a design approved in 1916 by decree of President Venustiano Carranza. The current flag design is described in Article 3 of Mexico's 1984 Law on the National Arms, Flag, and Anthem.


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