|Flag Name(s)||[Flag Of Montenegro]|
|Color Scheme||red gold|
|Color and Design|
A red field surrounded by a golden border; charged with the Coat of Arms at the centre. The coat of arms in the flag occupies 2⁄3 of its height. The width of the golden border is 1⁄20 the width of the hoist side.
|Meaning & Symbolism||The eagle is a traditional symbol of the Byzantine Empire, and its use on the Montenegro flag represents Montenegro's historical connection to that empire. The two-headed eagle with a crown shows the close relationship between the church and the state. The lion of Judah shield at the center is a traditional symbol of religious authority and reflects Montenegro's history as an ecclesiastical principality. The red color symbolizes the blood of Christ given the attachment to that the country has. It is also the symbol of the blood that was shed in the quest for independence. The gold border surrounding the red field shows the royal heritage that it once had.|
|Description and Brief History|
The flag of Montenegro was officially adopted with the Law on the state symbols and the statehood day of Montenegro on 13 July 2004 at the proposal of the government of Montenegro. It was constitutionally sanctioned with the proclamation of the Constitution on 22 October 2007. It is a red banner with broader golden edges all around the red field with the coat of arms of Montenegro in its center. The Law on the state symbols and the statehood day of Montenegro reached full effect the day after its publication in the Official Gazette of Montenegro. The publication occurred 12 July 2004 and the legal power of the Law occurred the day after, on 13 July 2004 – the statehood day of Montenegro.
The oldest known flag of Montenegro had a solid red field with a white cross in the center. It is derived from the military flag of Serbia during the Battle of Kosovo, which was adopted as a symbol of the Prince-Bishopric of Montenegro in the aftermath of the conflict. It fell out of use in 1852, when the cross was replaced by a white eagle that resembles the emblem of the current flag of Montenegro. The design was replaced due to political changes within Montenegro in 1876, at which point the nation began to use a horizontal tricolor of red, blue, and white. A variant on that flag that included the white eagle came into use in 1905, but the original tricolor flag was also used at the same time.
Montenegro unified with several of its neighbors in aftermath of the first world war, so it did not have a flag of its own again until 1941, at which point the tricolor returned to common use. A red star was added to the flag in 1946 in honor of the nation's new socialist government. The star was removed from the flag in 1994, and the modern design came into use a decade later.
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