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Mozambique Flag


Flag of Mozambique
Flag Name(s) [Flag Of Mozambique]
Aspect Ratio(2:3)
Color Scheme red,green,black,yellow,white
Color and Design

A horizontal tricolour of green, white-edged black and yellow with the red isosceles triangle based on the hoist-side bearing the yellow five-pointed star that bears an AK-47 assault rifle with the bayonet attached to the barrel crossed by a farming mattock superimposed on an open book.

Meaning & SymbolismThe green color stands for the riches of the land, white fimbriations signify peace, black represents the African continent, yellow symbolises the country's minerals, and red represents the struggle for independence. The AK-47 rifle stands for defence and vigilance. The open book symbolises the importance of education. The hoe represents the country's agriculture. And the star symbolises Marxism and internationalism.
Description and Brief History

The flag of Mozambique was adopted on 1 May 1983. It includes the image of an AK-47 firearm with a bayonet attached to the barrel crossed by a hoe, superimposed on an open book. It is one of four national flags among UN member states that feature a firearm, along with those of Guatemala, Haiti and Bolivia, but is the only one of the four to feature a modern firearm instead of cannons or muskets.

The flag is based on the flag of the Mozambican Liberation Front (FRELIMO), the leading political party in Mozambique. The FRELIMO flag, used for a brief period after the country gained its independence from Portugal, looks like the current flag but lacking the emblem, with green, black, and yellow horizontal stripes separated by white fimbriations and a red triangle in the hoist.

On independence the colours were rearranged to form the national flag, in diagonals emanating from the upper hoist. Over this was a white cogwheel containing the hoe, rifle, book, and star that appear on the present flag. The flag was altered in 1983; the colours were arranged in horizontal stripes, and the star was made larger. Later in the same year the cogwheel was removed, leading to the current form of the flag.

Tags

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