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Netherlands Flag


Flag of Netherlands
Flag Name(s)Flag of the Kingdom of the Netherlands [Flag Of Netherlands]
Aspect Ratio(2:3)
Color Scheme red,white,blue
Color and Design

A horizontal triband of red (bright vermilion), white, and cobalt blue.

Meaning & SymbolismThe red band symbolizes bravery, strength, valor, and hardiness; the white band represents peace and honesty; and the blue band represents vigilance, truth, loyalty, perseverance, and justice.
Description and Brief History

The flag of the Netherlands is a horizontal tricolour of red, white, and blue. The current design originates as a variant of the late 16th century orange-white-blue Prinsenvlag ("Prince's Flag"), evolving in the early 17th century as the red-white-blue Statenvlag ("States Flag"), the naval flag of the States-General of the Dutch Republic, making the Dutch flag perhaps the oldest tricolour flag in continuous use. It has inspired the Russian and French flags. During the economic crisis of the 1930s, the old Prince's Flag with the colour orange gained some popularity among some people. To end the confusion, the colours red, white and blue and its official status as the national flag of the Kingdom of the Netherlands were reaffirmed by royal decree on 19 February 1937.

The Dutch flag is almost identical to that of Luxembourg, except that it is shorter and its red and blue stripes are a darker shade. The similarity of the two flags has given rise to a national debate to change the flag of Luxembourg, initiated by Michel Wolter in 2006.

The Netherlands flag was originally that of the Prince of Nassau, consisting of three horizontal bands of orange, white, and blue. The first people to fly the flag were privateers who answered to the Prince of Orange, who those privateers respected as their leader. The Dutch won their war of independence, and that flag remained as the Netherlands flag until the a revolution transformed the Kingdom of the Netherlands into the Batavian Republic. The new republic adopted a new flag to distance itself from the old monarchy. The new flag was a red, white, and blue tricolor like the modern flag, but it also had a picture of a woman bearing symbols of liberty in the red band.

Napoleon eventually replaced the native Dutch government with a monarchy under his brother, Louis, who generally respected the wishes of the Dutch people. He removed the maiden from the Batavian Republic's flag to create a new Netherlands flag which is still used today. Napoleon removed him from power only a few years later, and during that time the Netherlands were part of France and used France's imperial flag. The Netherlands regained their independence shortly thereafter, and used both the Prince's Flag, representing the royal house of Orange-Nassau, and Louis' flag, representing the nation as a whole. That only changed in 1937, when the Dutch queen decreed that the flag of the Netherlands would be the red, white, and blue tricolor that is still in use today.

Tags

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