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New Zealand Flag

Flag of New Zealand
Flag Name(s)Southern Cross Flag, New Zealand Ensign [Flag Of New Zealand]
Aspect Ratio(1:2)
Color Schemeblue red,white
Color and Design

A Blue Ensign with the Southern Cross of four red five-pointed stars centred within four white five-pointed stars making eight stars in total with the colours dualing each other on the outer half of the flag.

Meaning & SymbolismThe Union Jack symbolizes the nation's tie to the British Empire, and the four stars are the four brightest stars in the Southern Cross, a constellation visible throughout the southern hemisphere.
Description and Brief History

The Flag of New Zealand is based on the British maritime Blue Ensign – a blue field with the Union Jack in the canton or upper hoist corner – augmented or defaced with four red stars centred within four white stars, representing the Southern Cross constellation.

New Zealand's first flag, the flag of the United Tribes of New Zealand, was adopted in 1834, six years before New Zealand's separation from New South Wales and creation as a separate colony following the signing of the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840. Chosen by an assembly of Māori chiefs at Waitangi in 1834, the flag was of a St George's Cross with another cross in the canton containing four stars on a blue field. After the formation of the colony in 1840, British ensigns began to be used. The current flag was designed and adopted for use on the colony's ships in 1869, was quickly adopted as New Zealand's national flag, and given statutory recognition in 1902.

The current version of the New Zealand flag was adopted on March 24, 1902. It was originally just one of the many versions of the flag that was flown on government ships, but it became a national flag during the patriotic fervor inspired from the Second Boer War. It is based on the blue ensign flag originally flown by New Zealand. The flag of New Zealand has a blue background with the Union Jack in the upper left quarter and four red stars outlined in white on the right half.

For several decades there has been debate about changing the flag. In 2016, a two-stage binding referendum on a flag change took place with voting on the second final stage closing on 24 March. In this referendum, the country voted to keep the existing flag by 57% to 43%.


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