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Nigeria Flag

Flag of Nigeria
Flag Name(s) [Flag Of Nigeria]
Aspect Ratio(1:2)
Color Schemegreen white
Color and Design

A vertical bicolour triband of green, white and green.

Meaning & SymbolismThe two green stripes represent natural wealth, and the white represents peace and unity.
Description and Brief History

The flag of Federal Republic of Nigeria was designed in 1959 and first officially hoisted on 1 October 1960. The flag has three vertical bands of green, white, green. The flag is an adaptation of the winning entry from Michael Taiwo Akinkunmi in a competition held in 1959. Akinkunmi was a 23-year-old student at the time he designed the flag. He was studying at Norwood Technical College in London, England, when he saw an advertisement in a newspaper that submissions were being accepted for the design of a new national flag of Nigeria. The original submission had a red radiating sun badge in the central white vertical band with a green vertical band on each side. After the badge was removed by the judges, the flag has remained unchanged. It was first officially used on 1 October 1960, the day Nigeria was granted independence from the United Kingdom.

The first Nigerian flag was that of the Royal Niger Company, which came into use in 1887. It had a white field with the Union Jack in the canton and the colony's seal in the fly. That seal consisted of a Y-shaped emblem with the company's motto written on it that was surrounded by the outline of a red circle. This flag stands out from every other flag of Nigeria from the colonial period because it has a white field. The majority of other colonial flags in the British Empire, including the other eight flags of Nigeria, featured a dark blue field instead of the white.

Eight other colonial flags predate the modern Nigerian national flag. All of them follow the standard pattern for British colonial flags, with a blue field that was decorated with the Union Jack and the colonial seal. Very few of those flags were intended to replace an existing flag when they were adopted. One of them was the second flag of the Royal Niger Company which was updated to follow the common pattern in 1888, but the others were used to represent smaller colonies that would eventually merge to form modern Nigeria. The most important of those mergers resulted in the formation of the Colony and Protectorate of Nigeria in 1914. It used a red circle with a green, six-pointed star that surrounded a crown as its emblem. The modern flag of Nigeria was designed in 1959 and replaced that flag when the nation gained its independence in 1960.


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