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North Korea Flag

Flag of North Korea
Flag Name(s)Ramhongsaek Konghwagukgi ("Indigo and Red Flag of the Republic") [Flag Of North Korea]
Aspect Ratio(1:2)
Color Schemered blue,white
Color and Design

A wide red stripe at the center, bordered by a narrow white stripe both above and below, followed by a blue stripe. The central red stripe carries a five-pointed red star within a white circle near the hoist.

Meaning & SymbolismThe red represents revolutionary traditions; white represents purity, strength, and dignity; and blue represents sovereignty, peace, and friendship. The red star is a common symbol of communism, and it was originally included in the flag to commemorate the communist ideology of the nation's founders and the countries that supported their political movement. The red band is likewise a symbol of communism, especially the revolutionary political movements that were associated with the ideology. According to a typical North Korean official text published in Rodong Sinmun, the founder of North Korea Kim Il-sung gave the following significance to the flag's elements: The red of the flag symbolizes anti-Japanese sentiment, and is the color of blood shed by the Korean patriots and the invincible might of our people firmly united to support the Republic. The white symbolizes one bloodline, one land, one language, one culture of our monoethnic country, which lived in purity. And blue stands for the gallant visage of our people and symbolizes the spirit of the Korean people fighting for world peace and progress.
Description and Brief History

The flag of North Korea consists of a central red panel, bordered both above and below by a narrow white stripe and a broad blue stripe. The central red panel bears a five-pointed red star within a white circle near the hoist. The flag is banned from public use in South Korea due to its association with the ruling North Korean regime, although some exceptions for the usage of the flag exist. The nation of North Korea has only had a single flag since it gained its independence. North flags have very little in common with the flags of South Korea, which helps to emphasize the strong political differences that separate the two nations.

North Korea only became an independent nation during the 20th century, so the history of north flags is the same as that of southern flags for much of Korea's history. Historical Korean flags usually featured the taeguk, a symbol of balance that is associated with several traditional religions in Korea. The earliest such flag is that of the Joseon dynasty, which was in use prior to 1800. It featured an archaic form of the taeguk which has since fallen out of use. The modern form of the emblem was first displayed on a flag in 1882, and that design formed the basis of Korean flags prior to the separation of the two nations.

The North Korea flag and its history diverged from that of South Korean in 1948, following the success of the communist movement in North Korea. The new government quickly approved a flag that had been designed for it in the Soviet Union, which was one of the new nation's most potent allies. It has used that design without any changes ever since it first came into use in spite of the political changes that the nation has experienced since that time.


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