|Flag Name(s)||[Flag Of Palau]|
|Color Scheme||blue yellow|
|Color and Design|
A light blue field with the large yellow disk shifted slightly to the hoist-side of center.
|Meaning & Symbolism||The choice of colours is rooted in the history and customs of the Palauan people. The light blue of the field symbolizes the Pacific Ocean, and also represents the transition from foreign domination to self-government. The golden disk, which sits slightly off-centre toward the hoist, represents the full moon. The Palauans consider the full moon to be the optimum time for human activity. At this time of the month, celebrations, fishing, sowing, harvesting, tree-felling, and the carving of traditional canoes are carried out. The moon is a symbol of peace, love, and tranquility.|
|Description and Brief History|
The flag of Palau was adopted on 1 January 1981, when the island group separated from the United Nations Trust Territory.
As with the flags of several other Pacific island groups, light blue is the color used to represent the ocean and the nation's place within it. While this puts Palau in common with the Federated States of Micronesia and other neighboring island groups, the disc on the flag (similar to that on Japan's flag) is off-centre like that of the flag of Bangladesh, but in this case represents the moon instead of the sun. The current flag was introduced in 1981 when Palau became a republic.
Previously, the flag of the Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands was flown jointly with the United Nations and American flags.
Japanese international relations professor Futaranosuke Nagoshi has suggested that the Palauan flag pays tribute to the Rising Sun Flag of Japan and symbolizes amity between Palau and Japan. Former Palauan President Kuniwo Nakamura responded to this theory in an interview with the ambiguous statement, "That's one way of putting it." John Blau Skebong, the designer of the flag, denied such allegation, saying there is no special connection between the two flags.
According to history, Palau first began to use flags during the colonial period. The first Palau flag was the flag of Spain, which came into use in the region during the middle of the 16th century. It remained in use until 1899, at which point Spain ceded control of the last of its holdings in Palau to Germany. The German flag had already begun to fly over some of the islands in 1885, but the German Empire only gained complete control over the area after that transfer of power. Palau passed to Japanese control in 1914, at which point the islands began to use the flag of Japan.
Japan lost control over the islands in 1944, at which point they began to use the flag of the United States. The American flag would fly over the islands until shortly after they gained their complete independence, but that was not the only flag used during that period. The flag of the United Nations came into use alongside the American flag in 1947, and it was replaced by the flag of the Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands in 1967. It fell out of use when the nation gained its independence in 1981, and the nation adopted the modern flag at the same time. The American flag remained in use alongside the flag of Palau until 1994 due to the close association between the two states.
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