|Flag Name(s)||[Flag Of Palestine]|
|Color and Design|
A horizontal tricolour of black, white, and green; with a red triangle based at the hoist.
|Meaning & Symbolism||The Palestine's flag is derived from the Pan-Arab colors, so that flag provided the Palestine flag meaning. The red section represents Khawarij movement, the black stripe stands for Muhammad at the Rashidun Caliphate, the white color stands for the Ummayad Caliphate, and the green stripe represents the Fatimid Caliphate.|
|Description and Brief History|
The flag of Palestine is a tricolor of three equal horizontal stripes (black, white, and green from top to bottom) overlaid by a red triangle issuing from the hoist. This flag is derived from the Pan-Arab colors and is used to represent the State of Palestine and the Palestinian people. It was first adopted on 28 May 1964 by the Palestinian Liberation Organization.
The flag is almost identical to that of the Hashemite Kingdom of Hejaz, which is the western portion of the Arabian peninsula, and the Arab Socialist Ba'ath Party (both use a 2:3 ratio as opposed to the Palestine's 1:2) as well as the short-lived Arab Federation of Iraq and Jordan (which had an equilateral triangle at the hoist). It is also very similar to the Flag of Jordan and Flag of Western Sahara, all of which draw their inspiration from the Arab Revolt against Ottoman rule (1916–1918). The flag of the Arab Revolt had the same graphic form, but the colours were arranged differently (white on the bottom, rather than in the middle).
The first Palestinian flag was that of the Mandate of Palestine, which was part of the British Empire. The flag came into use in 1920 as a maritime ensign, but it was often used informally to represent the Mandate at a whole. The flag had a solid red field with the Union Jack displayed in the canton and a white circle with the state's name in it in the fly. It fell out of use when the Arab League recognized the original flag of the Arab Revolt as the flag of Palestine in 1948.
The nation of Palestine came under occupation in 1959, which saw the adoption of the both the flag of the United Arab Republic and the flag of Jordan in parts of modern Palestine. The modern flag of Palestine came into use with the Palestine Liberation Organization shortly after in 1964, although it would take more than twenty more years for the flag to be adopted as the national flag of Palestine in 1988.
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