|Flag Name(s)||[Flag Of Papua New Guinea]|
|Color and Design|
Divided diagonally from the upper hoist-side corner to the lower fly-side corner: the upper triangle is red with the soaring Raggiana Bird of Paradise and the lower triangle is black with the Southern Cross of four white larger five-pointed stars and the smaller star.
|Meaning & Symbolism||The black and red portions of the flag serve as a link to the flag of the German Empire, which began the country's colonization, but they were also common symbols of the native tribes of Papua New Guinea. The constellation of stars represents the nation's location in the Southern Hemisphere, and the bird-of-paradise is a symbol of the nation's wildlife that can also be found on the national coat of arms.|
|Description and Brief History|
The flag of Papua New Guinea was adopted on 1 July 1971. In the hoist, it depicts the Southern Cross; in the fly, a raggiana bird-of-paradise is silhouetted. The design was chosen through a nationwide design competition in early 1971. The winning designer was Susan Karike, who was 15 at the time.
Red and black have long been traditional colours of many Papua New Guinean tribes. Black-white-red was the colour of the German Empire flag, which had colonised New Guinea prior to 1918. The Papua flag is divided into two sections by a diagonal line that runs from the upper-hoist corner of the flag down to the lower-fly corner. The lower of the two sections is black, while the upper portion of the flag is red. Both sections of the flag also include an emblem. The lower portion depicts the Southern Cross constellation in white, while the upper portion contains a golden raggiana bird-of-paradise.
According to history, the German flag began to fly over New Guinea in 1899. Both the national flag of Germany and a specific colonial flag were used. The national flag was made up of three horizontal stripes of black, white, and red. The colonial flag had a white field with the national flag in the canton and a black lion holding a red lily in the fly. It flew over the nation until 1914, at which point the colony passed to British control. The British colony flew a flag that consisted of a blue field with the Union Jack in the canton and the colonial seal in the fly. British New Guinea merged with British Papua in 1949, which created the colony of Papua New Guinea. The flag of New Guinea was retained as the Papua New Guinea flag, while the similar colonial flag of Papua fell out of use. The nation became a trust territory and adopted a green flag decorated with a bird-of-paradise in 1965. It was replaced with a more complex design in 1970, which gave way to the modern flag in 1971.
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