|Flag Name(s)||Biało-Czerwona ("White-Red"), Flag of the Republic of Poland [Flag Of Poland]|
|Color and Design|
A horizontal bicolour of white and red.
|Meaning & Symbolism||The white color symbolizes the hope for peace by all the people of Poland. The red color represents the many struggles for freedom over the centuries.|
|Description and Brief History|
The national flag of Poland consists of two horizontal bands of equal width, the upper one white and the lower one red. The two colors are defined in the Polish constitution as the national colours. A variant of the flag with the national coat of arms in the middle of the white fess is legally reserved for official use abroad and at sea. A similar flag with the addition of a swallow-tail is used as the naval ensign of Poland.
The white and red colors were officially adopted as national colours in 1831, although these were associated with Poland since the Middle Ages and were emphasized on royal banners. They are of heraldic origin and derive from the tinctures (colours) of the coats of arms of the two constituent nations of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth, i.e. the White Eagle of Poland and the Pursuer of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, a white knight riding a white horse, both on a red shield. Prior to that, Polish soldiers wore cockades of various color combinations. The national flag was officially adopted in 1919. Since 2004, Polish Flag Day is celebrated on 2 May.
The flag is flown continuously on the buildings of the highest national authorities, such as the parliament and the presidential palace. Other institutions and many Polish people fly the national flag on national holidays and other special occasions of national significance. Current Polish law does not restrict the use of the national flag without the coat of arms as long as the flag is not disrespected.
There are two other national flags with the red stripe above the white one, which are those of Indonesia and Monaco.
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