|Flag Name(s)||Tricolorul [Flag Of Romania]|
|Color and Design|
A vertical tricolor of blue, yellow, and red.
|Meaning & Symbolism||The blue band is said to represent liberty, the yellow represents justice, and the red stands for fraternity. Some sources say that the flag also represents a merger of the flags of Moldavia and Wallachia, but that is most likely a myth that arose some time after the flag was first designed rather than a goal of the flag's designer.|
|Description and Brief History|
The national flag of Romania is a tricolor with vertical stripes, beginning from the flagpole: blue, yellow and red. The proportions, shades of color as well as the flag protocol were established by law in 1994 and extended in 2001. The law specifies that the stripes of the national flag are cobalt blue, chrome yellow and vermilion red.
The flag is coincidentally very similar to the flag of Andorra, Moldova and Chad. The similarity with Chad's flag, which is identical apart from allowing a broader range of shades of blue, yellow and red, has caused international discussion. In 2004, Chad asked the United Nations to examine the issue, but then-president of Romania Ion Iliescu announced no change would occur to the flag.
The modern Romanian flag draws inspiration from the feudal banners of the lords who ruled in the region, but the first flag that represented all of Romania developed much later. The first flag that represented all of Romania was designed by the revolutionary movement that worked towards Romanian independence from foreign rule during the 19th century. The revolutionaries combined the region's feudal colors with a pattern that likely derived from the flag of revolutionary France to create their movement's banner.
Wallachia and Moldavia formed the union that would eventually become Romania in 1859. The union was not completely independent from the Ottoman Empire, but it had enough political autonomy to have its own flag, which had the same colors as the modern flag but used vertical stripes instead of horizontal bands.
That flag fell out of use when a communist government took power in Romania in 1947 and outlawed the old flag as a symbol of the Romanian monarchy. Unlike most communist governments that used a red flag as their symbol, the new government replaced the flag with a variant that used horizontal stripes and included the nation's seal. People who protested against the communist government during its later years famously cut the emblem out of the center of the flag, which created the modern design that would gain official recognition when the communist government left power.
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