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Singapore Flag

Flag of Singapore
Flag Name(s) [Flag Of Singapore]
Aspect Ratio(2:3)
Color Scheme red,white
Color and Design

A horizontal bicolour of red and white; charged in white in the canton with a crescent facing the fly and a pentagon of five stars representing the nation's ideals.

Meaning & SymbolismThe red color symbolises equality, and white represents spiritual purity and virtue. The waxing crescent moon represents reflects Singapore's status as a growing nation. The five stars stand for the nation's ideals of "democracy, peace, progress, justice and equality". The crescent moon symbol is also informally seen by the nation's Muslim activists to represent Islam.
Description and Brief History

The flag of Singapore is a horizontal bicolour of red above white, overlaid in the canton (upper-left quadrant) by a white crescent moon facing a pentagon of five small white five-pointed stars. The elements of the flag denote a young nation on the ascendant, universal brotherhood and equality, and national ideals. The flag was adopted in 1959, the year Singapore became self-governing within the British Empire. It remained the national flag upon the state's independence from Malaysia on 9 August 1965.

The first flag of Singapore, like that of many other nations, was a colonial flag that was granted to it by the British Empire. The colonial flag had a dark blue field that displayed the colonial seal on the fly side and the Union Jack in the flag's canton. The nation's first colonial flag also represented two other colonies, so the seal included three crowns in an inverted red pall on a white disc. Singapore eventually separated from the other colonies while remaining a part of the British Empire, at which point the flag was changed so that it only included a single crown.

Singapore began to abandon the colonial flag when it became a self-governing part of the British Empire. It adopted the modern flag in 1959, which predated the nation's full independence from Britain by several years. Singapore became part of the Federation of Malaysia in 1963, at which point the Malaysian flag was flown in Singapore until it left the Federation. That happened in 1965, at which point the government of Singapore formally confirmed the 1959 flag as the symbol of the nation.


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