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Slovakia Flag

Flag of Slovakia
Flag Name(s) [Flag Of Slovakia]
Aspect Ratio(2:3)
Color Scheme white,blue,red
Color and Design

A horizontal tricolor of white, blue, and red; charged with coat of arms at the hoist side.

Meaning & SymbolismThe cross (in the coat of arms) is a symbol of the nation's religious heritage, which has been dominated by Orthodox Christianity. The flag's white-blue-red colors come from the traditional heraldry of the medieval period, and it shares them with other Slavic nations. The similarities between the assorted Slavic flags represent the cultural similarities and history that the nations share with each other. The Slavic colors stand for unity and independence, and their use across nations represents the common origin of the Slavic peoples.
Description and Brief History

The national flag of the Slovak Republic was adopted by Slovakia's Constitution, which came into force on 3 September 1992. The flag, like many other flags of Slavic nations, uses Pan-Slavic colors (red, white, and blue). It is defaced with Slovakia's national coat of arms.

Since the Slovak flag without the coat of arms is identical to the current flag of the Russia, and can also be compared to the modern flag of Slovenia, the Constitution of Slovakia added the national coat of arms in September 1992. The coat of arms of Slovakia was added to the flag to avoid confusion with the current flag of Russia. That coat of arms consists of a red shield that displays a white double cross rising up out of blue hills.

Slovakia's flag in its current form can be dated back to the revolutionary year 1848. It was also used semi-officially in Czechoslovakia before World War II, by the Slovak Republic during World War II. In 1990, the Interior Ministry tasked Ladislav Čisárik, a painter and heraldic artist, and Ladislav Vrtel, an expert in heraldry, with creating a new coat of arms and national flag. Čisárik and Vrtel based their designs for a modern coat of arms and flag on an existing 14th Century coat of arms. However, Čisárik and Vrtel chose to enlarge the double cross three times to emphasize it as a national symbol. In addition to the national coat of arms and the national flag, the duo also designed a new presidential standard, which incorporates the double cross as well.

The new flag was finally adopted (initially without Čisárik's and Vrtel's coat of arms) on 1 March 1990 as the flag of the Slovak Republic within Czechoslovakia. The coat of arms was added on 3 September 1992 and a special law describing the details of the flag followed in February 1993.


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