|Flag Name(s)||[Flag Of Somalia]|
|Color Scheme||cyan white|
|Color and Design|
A single white five-pointed star centered on a cyan field.
|Meaning & Symbolism||The white star has five points, representing each of the regions that the Somali people inhabited before the founding of the Republic of Somalia. The light blue field came from the flag of the United Nations, which played a significant role in the nation's transition to independence following decolonization. It is also interpreted as a symbol of the sky that stretches over Somalia and the Indian Ocean that reaches out from its coast and provides a significant portion of the nation's wealth.|
|Description and Brief History|
The flag of Somalia, also known as the Somali flag, was adopted on October 12, 1954 and was designed by Mohammed Awale Liban. The flag was initially used within the Trust Territory of Somaliland before being adopted by the short-lived State of Somaliland and the Somali Republic. It was originally conceived and serves as the ethnic flag for the Somali people. The current flag of Somalia consists of a bright blue field with a white star in the center.
There have been many Somalia flags used in recorded history. The oldest are associated with the royal dynasties that ruled in the region prior to the colonial period. The flag of the Adal Sultanate was used between 1415 and 1577 in the area. It featured three sections. The hoist and fly sections were white rectangles with red crescents, while the central section inverted those colors. The Arjuran Empire also ruled part of modern Somalia. Its flag was a triangular design of red and yellow that featured a white crescent along the hoist. It was in use between the 13th and 17th centuries.
A variant of the Ottoman Empire's flag was also used to represent another part of the nation between 1559 and 1867. It was a wide triangle with a red field and a yellow crescent along the hoist. The design was derived from that of the Ottoman flag.
The 20th century saw more changes to the Somali flag. Parts of the country spent time under the rule of the Dervish State, while European nations also held power over parts of the country. Each of them had their own flag. The Dervish State a flag of layered red and blue rectangles, while the Italian and British colonies used variations on their standard colonial flags.
Those flags fell out of use at the end of the colonial period. Somalia adopted the modern flag in 1954 and has used it ever since.
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