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Spain Flag


Flag of Spain
Flag Name(s)Rojigualda ("Red-weld") [Flag Of Spain]
Aspect Ratio(2:3)
Color Scheme red,yellow
Color and Design

A horizontal triband flag of red, yellow (double width) and red; charged with the Spanish coat of arms off-centered toward the hoist.

Meaning & SymbolismThe color red and yellow were selected to represent the Spanish tradition of bullfighting. Red represents the blood spilled by the bulls whereas the yellow represents the sand in the bullfighting arena. A legend claims that the yellow represents the sun, whereas the red represents the bloodshed by the Spanish people.
Description and Brief History

The flag of Spain consists of three horizontal stripes; red, yellow and red, the yellow stripe being twice the size of each red stripe. Traditionally, the middle stripe was defined by the more archaic term of gualda, and hence the popular name la Rojigualda (red-weld). The nation's coat of arms is proudly displayed in the central band, slightly offset towards the hoist side. The coat of arms combines the symbols of the kingdoms of Castile, Leon, Aragon, Navarre, and Grenada in order to reflect the five great medieval kingdoms that combined to form modern Spain.


The origin of the current flag of Spain is the naval ensign of 1785, Pabellón de la Marina de Guerra under Charles III of Spain. It was chosen by Charles III himself among 12 different flags designed by Antonio Valdés y Bazán (all proposed flags were presented in a drawing which is in the Naval Museum of Madrid). The flag remained marine-focused for much of the next 50 years, flying over coastal fortresses, marine barracks and other naval property. During the Peninsular War the flag could also be found on marine regiments fighting inland. Not until 1820 was the first Spanish land unit (The La Princesa Regiment) provided with one and it was not until 1843 that Queen Isabella II of Spain made the flag official. Throughout the 19th and 20th centuries, the color scheme of the flag remained intact, with the exception of the Second Republic period (1931–1939); the only changes centered on the coat of arms.

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