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Sudan Flag


Flag of Sudan
Flag Name(s) [Flag Of Sudan]
Aspect Ratio(1:2)
Color Scheme green,red,white,black
Color and Design

A horizontal tricolour of red, white, and black; with a green triangle based at the hoist.

Meaning & SymbolismThe pan-Arab colours of red, white, black and green have been historically linked to the Arab people and Islamic religion for centuries. The colours stand for Arab unity and independence. The red stripe represents Sudan's struggle for independence and many other struggles, and the sacrifices of the country's martyrs. The white represents the people, light and optimism. It also represents the White Flag League which was a nationalist group that rose up against colonial rule in 1924. The black represents Sudan; in Arabic, 'Sudan,' means ‘land of the black people.’ It also represents the black flag of nationalists who fought colonial rule during the Mahdist Revolution, late in 19th century. Green represents Islam, agriculture and the prosperity of the land.
Description and Brief History

The national flag of Sudan consists of a horizontal red-white-black tricolour with a green triangle at the hoist. The flag is based on the Arab Liberation Flag of the Egyptian Revolution of 1952, as are the flags of Egypt, Iraq, Syria, and Yemen, and formerly of the North Yemen, United Arab Republic, South Yemen, and the Libyan Arab Republic. The flag was adopted on 20 May 1970.

Whereas there is no fixed order for the Pan-Arab Colours of black, white, red, and green, flags using the Arab Liberation Colours (a subset of the Pan-Arab Colours) maintain a horizontal triband of equal stripes of red, white, and black, with green being used to distinguish the different flags from each other by way of green stars, Arabic script, or, in the case of Sudan, the green triangle along the hoist. In the original Arab Liberation Flag, green was used in the form of the flag of the Kingdom of Egypt and Sudan emblazoned on the breast of the Eagle of Saladin in the middle stripe. For 13 years from Sudan's independence in 1956 to the 1969 military coup of Gaafar Nimeiry, Sudan used a tricolour flag of blue-yellow-green.


The modern nation of Sudan was born as a result of the Mahdist War between the region's inhabitants and the British Empire. The Sudanese people represented themselves with a black banner at that time, and that banner is honored on the modern flag with a black stripe. The war began in 1881, and it eventually led to a unique political arrangement where the Sudan was administered jointly between Egypt and the British Empire. The Union Jack of Britain and the flag of Egypt, which consisted of three white stars and a white crescent on a green field, flew over Sudan from 1889 until 1956, when Sudan gained its independence. Sudan adopted a flag that consisted of three horizontal stripes of blue, yellow, and green at the time of independence. It was chosen as a neutral symbol of the nation's land that did not represent any single ethnic or religious group. It represented the nation until 1970, at which point the modern flag came into use.

Tags

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