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LINKS: Worlds Flags UN Flags flags terminology

Sweden Flag

Flag of Sweden
Flag Name(s) [Flag Of Sweden]
Aspect Ratio(5:8)
Color Schemeblue yellow
Color and Design

A blue field charged with a yellow Nordic cross that extends to the edges; the vertical part of the cross is shifted to the hoist side. Dimensions: 5:2:9 horizontally and 4:2:4 vertically.

Meaning & SymbolismThe Nordic cross design traditionally represents Christianity. Historically, the color of golden yellow and blue have always been the traditional colors of Sweden, many royal coat of arms choices and dynasties in Sweden used gold and blue in their banners long before the official Swedish flag emerged. The sky blue field is said to represent loyalty, justice, truth, perseverance, and vigilance. On the other hand, the yellow golden cross (slightly off center on the emblem), represents generosity (rather than wealth).
Description and Brief History

The flag of Sweden consists of a yellow or gold Nordic cross (a horizontal cross extending to the edges, with the crossbar closer to the hoist than the fly) on a field of light blue. The flag was adapted on 22 June 1906.

The design and colours of the Swedish flag are believed to have been inspired by the present coat of arms of Sweden of 1442, which is blue divided quarterly by a cross pattée of gold, and modelled on the Danish flag. Blue and yellow have been used as Swedish colours at least since Magnus III's royal coat of arms of 1275.

Legends say that King Eric IX of Sweden led his army in a crusade against the Finns in 1157, and that he saw a golden cross in the sky as he led his forces. That vision supposedly led him to adopt a yellow golden cross on a blue field as his personal banner. However, there are no records of any crusade against the Finns during that period, and the first recorded depiction of the banner dates to several hundred years after the story takes place. It is more likely that Sweden flags began as an adaptation of the Danish flag using Sweden's colors. It was probably invented during the reign of King Charles VIII, most likely around the time that he developed the country's coat of arms, which was in 1442.

The Swedish flag's general design has lasted for hundreds of years, but it occasionally had to change when Sweden formed political ties to other nations. The kingdoms of Sweden and Norway united in 1815, which meant that the flag had to change to represent both nations. Sweden added a white saltire cross on a red field to the flag's canton in order to represent Norway, and the flag only reverted to its original state when the union ended. A more complicated union mark was added to the nation's military flags, and that mark has not been removed from them, even though the union itself ended many years ago.


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