|Flag Name(s)||[Flag Of Togo]|
|Aspect Ratio||(irrational proportions 2:3.23607)|
|Color and Design|
Five equal horizontal bands of green (top and bottom) alternating with yellow; with a red canton bearing a white five-pointed star.
|Meaning & Symbolism||The color of red represents blood shed by Martyrs to gain independence. White star symbolizes hope. Green represents the forests, agriculture, nature, and overall hope for the future. And yellow represents the natural resources of the country. The four colors (green, red, white and yellow) are the Pan-African colors.|
|Description and Brief History|
The national flag of Togo has five equal horizontal bands of green (top and bottom) alternating with yellow. There is a white five-pointed star on a red square in the upper hoist-side corner. It uses the popular pan-African colors of Ethiopia, but the design resembles the flag of Liberia which itself echoes the flag of the United States.
The current flag was adopted on April 28, 1960 and is still in use. The flag was designed by artist Paul Ahyi. During France's rule over Togo from 1957 to 1958, the flag of French Togo was used. After Togo's independence, the first Flag of Togo (green field) was used from 1958 to 1960.
The history of the flag of Togo begins with the colonial period, when Togo became part of the German Empire. Germany did not provide a unique colonial flag to represent Togo, so the flag of the German Empire served to represent the colony. That changed after the end of the first world war, at which point Togo was divided into two mandates that were governed by Britain and France. The modern nation of Togo grew out of French Togo, which was adopted its first unique flag in 1957. The flag was part of the colony's efforts to gain autonomy and independence within the French Empire. It consisted of a dark green field with white stars in two of the corners and the French flag in the canton. The French flag was removed from it in 1958. That flag fell out of use in 1960, at which point it was replaced by the current design for the flag of Togo. The modern design was created by the famous African artist, Paul Ahyi, and has remained unchanged since it first came into use.
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