|Flag Name(s)||Albayrak ("Red Flag"), Alsancak ("Holy Red Standard"), Ay Yıldız ("Crescent Star") [Flag Of Turkey]|
|Color Scheme||red white|
|Color and Design|
A red field with a white star and crescent slightly left of center.
|Meaning & Symbolism||The crescent-shaped moon represents the religion of Islam. And the star symbolizes independence.|
|Description and Brief History|
The Turkish flag is a red flag featuring a white star and crescent. The flag is often called al bayrak (the red flag), and is referred to as al sancak (the red banner) in the Turkish national anthem. The current design is derived from the late Ottoman Empire flag, which had been adopted in the late 18th century and acquired its final form in 1844. The measures, geometric proportions, and exact tone of red of the flag of Turkey were legally standardized with the Turkish Flag Law on 29 May 1936.
The star and crescent first came to represent the Ottoman Empire in the middle of the 18th century, when it was adopted by order of Sultan Mustafa III, although it did not find a place on their flags until slightly after his reign ended. The crescent dates back much farther than the star. Legends say that the empire's founder, Osman, saw a vision of a crescent moon rising from a man's heart when he was trying to marry that man's daughter. Historian have noted that the symbol is even older than that, and that it has been associated with Turkish people throughout the vast majority of their history.
The Ottoman Empire abolished the individuals standards of its provincial governors as part of a set of reforms during the 19th century, and it adopted the familiar red and white flag of modern Turkey at the same time. The red color was chosen specifically to mark it as a civil flag, in contrast to the green flags that were used to represent Islamic organizations. The Ottoman Empire broke apart less than a century later after the first world war, but Turkey kept the flag as it took the old empire's place. The precise shade of red and measurements to be used in Turkey flags was established by law in 1936, and they have remained the same to this day.
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