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Vietnam  Flag

Flag of Vietnam 
Flag Name(s)Cờ đỏ sao vàng ("red flag with a golden star"), Cờ Tổ quốc ("flag of Fatherland") [Flag Of Vietnam ]
Aspect Ratio(2:3)
Color Schemered yellow
Color and Design

A large yellow star centered on a red field.

Meaning & SymbolismThe red background symbolizes bloodshed, revolution and struggle. The yellow five-pointed star in the center represents the five main classes in Vietnamese society — workers, farmers, soldiers, intellectuals, and entrepreneurs.
Description and Brief History

The national flag of Vietnam have a solid red field with a large golden star in the center. According to the 1992 constitution: "The National Flag of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam is rectangular in shape, its width is equal to two thirds of its length, in the middle of fresh red background is a bright five-pointed golden star".

The design was inspired by the red flag of the Paris Commune and other socialist movements. The red and yellow golden color scheme is common to many such flags, so its uses emphasizes the links between Vietnam and many of its historical allies.

The flag of Vietnam was designed in 1940 and used during an uprising against the French in southern Vietnam that year. The flag was used by the Viet Minh, a communist-led organization created in 1941 to oppose Japanese occupation. At the end of World War II, Viet Minh leader Ho Chi Minh proclaimed Vietnam independent and signed a decree on 5 September 1945 adopting the flag as the flag of the North Vietnam. The DRV became the government of North Vietnam in 1954 following the Geneva Accords. The flag was modified on 30 November 1955 to make the rays of the star pointier. Until the end of the Vietnam War in 1975, South Vietnam used a yellow flag with three red stripes. The red flag of North Vietnam was later adopted as the flag of the unified Vietnam in 1976. The flag of Vietnam is the only flag amongst South East Asian nations that does not contain the colour white, with red and yellow/gold being its historical national colors.

Red and gold flags have represented Vietnam since the start of the 19th century. The use of gold to represent Vietnamese soldiers is significantly older and can be traced back to a rebellion against Chinese rule in 40 AD, but it took many centuries for the colors to find their way onto a national flag. The first such flag was adopted by Emperor Gia Long. His design had a solid gold field with a red circle in the center, and it was used until it was replaced with a design that replaced the red circle with a solid red stripe.

The traditional flag of Vietnam fell out of use when the nation became part of the French Empire. French colonies did not use flags of their own, so the national flag of France represented Vietnam until it regained its independence. Vietnam first used the flag of France in 1887, and the flag was used for the last time in 1954. Vietnam eventually split between the communist government in the northern part of the country and an opposing government in the southern portion. South Vietnam used a golden flag with three horizontal stripes of red which was inspired by the nation's historical flags, while North Vietnam used the modern design. North Vietnam won the conflict between the two parts of the country, and so its flag has come to represent the entirety of Vietnam in the modern era.


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