|Flag Name(s)||[Flag Of Yemen]|
|Color and Design|
A horizontal tricolour of red, white and black.
|Meaning & Symbolism||According to the official description, the red stands for unity and the bloodshed of martyrs, the white for a bright future, and the black for the supposed dark past.|
|Description and Brief History|
The flag of Yemen consists of three horizontal stripes of red, white, and black. The flag was adopted on May 22, 1990, the day that North Yemen and South Yemen were unified. The flag is basically the Arab Liberation Flag of 1952, introduced after the Egyptian Revolution of 1952 in which Arab nationalism was a dominant theme. The Arab Liberation Flag of 1952 served as the inspiration for the flags of both North and South Yemen prior to unification, as well as for the current flags of Egypt, Iraq, Sudan and Syria.
The flag's design is also similar to that of the flag of the German Empire, albeit inverted. The flag is graphically identical to the flag of the Libyan Arab Republic from 1969 to 1972.
The modern nation of Yemen formed when North Yemen and South Yemen merged in 1990. The modern flag of Yemen came into use at that time and is the only flag that has ever represented the unified nation, but both of the precursor states had many historical flags of their own. North Yemen adopted its first flag in 1918, which was a simple banner of solid red. White text was added to the flag in 1923, and that text was replaced with a white sword and a set of five stars in 1927. A form of the modern flag that had a green star in the center came into use in 1962 and remained in use until the two nations unified. South Yemen began as the British colony of Aden. It gained its first flag in 1937. The flag had a dark blue field that featured the Union Jack in the canton and the colony's seal, which depicted a sailing ship, in the fly. That flag was replaced with that of the Federation of South Arabia in 1962. That flag had three horizontal stripes of black, green, and blue that were separated by thin stripes of yellow and it featured a white star and crescent in the center. It was replaced by a version of the modern flag that added a blue triangle with a red star along the hoist in 1967.
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