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Zambia Flag

Flag of Zambia
Flag Name(s) [Flag Of Zambia]
Aspect Ratio(2:3)
Color Schemegreen red,black,orange
Color and Design

A green field with an orange coloured eagle in flight over a rectangular block of three vertical stripes coloured from left to right in red, black and orange.

Meaning & SymbolismThe flying eagle represents the ability of the Zambian nation and people to rise above their problems in the pursuit of a better future. The green field represents the rich natural world of Zambia, the red stripe represents freedom and the nation's efforts to attain it, the black bar represents the people of Zambia, and the orange bar represents the nation's resources and wealth.
Description and Brief History

The flag of Zambia is the national flag of Zambia. It was adopted upon independence on 24 October 1964, by the first Republican President Dr. Kenneth David Kaunda. Before that, Zambia was the British protectorate of Northern Rhodesia and used a defaced Blue Ensign as its flag. The current flag is used as both national flag and ensign. It is green with an orange-coloured African fish eagle in flight over a rectangular block of three vertical stripes, coloured, from left to right: red, black and orange. The placement of the eagle and block of stripes at the flag's fly is notable as most emblems and devices on flags are placed at centre or at the hoist.

The Zambian flag was slightly modified in 1996. The shade of green used in the 1964 flag was replaced with brighter and lighter green and the eagle was slightly altered so as to be more like the one used in the Zambian coat of arms.

The earliest Zambian flags come from the colonial period, starting when the nation was ruled by the British South Africa Company in 1890. The company with a variant on the British Union Jack that featured a white disc with the company's emblem in the center. The emblem was a lion grasping an elephant's tusk, which represented a major part of the company's income.

Zambia eventually became a full British colony rather than part of the British South Africa Company's holdings, and it gained a new flag during the transition. The new flag resembled those of other British colonies. It was a British blue ensign that featured the Union Jack in the flag's canton and the Zambian coat of arms in the fly. The coat of arms included the soaring eagle that is used on modern Zambia flags. This flag came into use in 1924. The colony eventually became part of the federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland, which had a colonial flag of its own. The flag came into use in 1953 and represented Zambia until it gained its independence in 1963.

Zambia's first flag as an independent nation differed from the current flag only in that the field was a darker shade of green and used a slight variation on the eagle emblem. It was replaced by the modern flag in 1996.


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