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HDI (Human Development Index)

The Human Development Index (HDI) is a statistic composite index of life expectancy, education, and per capita income indicators, which are used to rank countries into four tiers of human development. A country scores a higher HDI when the lifespan is higher, the education level is higher, and the gross national income GNI (PPP) per capita is higher. It was developed by Pakistani economist Mahbub ul Haq and was further used to measure a country's development by the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP).

The HDI provide a richer picture of progress than gross domestic product (GDP), which relates to a country’s wealth, or even GDP per capita, which tells us something about an individual’s means but nothing about their life outcomes.

Measuring the Human Development Index:

The Human Development Index (HDI) ranks the countries based on their performance in the key areas of health, education and access to resources. These scores are between 0 and 1.

  • The indicator chosen to assess health is the life expectancy at birth. A healthier life expectancy means that people have a greater chance of living longer and healthier lives.
  • The adult literacy rate and the gross enrolment ratio represent access to knowledge.
  • Access to resources is measured in terms of Purchasing power parity.

The index does not take into account several factors, such as the net wealth per capita or the relative quality of goods in a country. This situation tends to lower the ranking for some of the most advanced countries, such as the G7 members and others.

Below is the sortable list of the Human Development Index (HDI):

Rank Country
Territory
HDI HDI Annual Growth
1 Norway0.957Increase 0.20%
2 Ireland0.955Increase 0.65%
3 Switzerland0.955Increase 0.16%
4 Iceland0.949Increase 0.62%
5 Hong Kong0.949Increase 0.54%
6 Germany0.947Increase 0.24%
7 Sweden0.945Increase 0.41%
8 Netherlands0.944Increase 0.32%
9 Australia0.944Increase 0.17%
10 Denmark0.94Increase 0.28%
11 Finland0.938Increase 0.26%
12 Singapore0.938Increase 0.35%
13 United Kingdom0.932Increase 0.24%
14 New Zealand0.931Increase 0.30%
15 Belgium0.931Increase 0.25%
16 Canada0.929Increase 0.34%
17 United States0.926Increase 0.12%
18 Austria0.922Increase 0.22%
19 Liechtenstein0.919Increase 0.18%
20 Japan0.919Increase 0.39%
21 Israel0.919Increase 0.29%
22 Slovenia0.917Increase 0.35%
23 South Korea0.916Increase 0.33%
24 Luxembourg0.916Increase 0.22%
25 Spain0.904Increase 0.40%
26 France0.901Increase 0.28%
27 Czech Republic0.9Increase 0.38%
28 Malta0.895Increase 0.54%
29 Estonia0.892Increase 0.51%
30 Italy0.892Increase 0.16%
31 United Arab Emirates0.89Increase 0.91%
32 Greece0.888Increase 0.29%
33 Cyprus0.887Increase 0.40%
34 Lithuania0.882Increase 0.66%
35 Poland0.88Increase 0.52%
36 Andorra0.868Increase 0.40%
37 Latvia0.866Increase 0.55%
38 Portugal0.864Increase 0.46%
39 Slovakia0.86Increase 0.38%
40 Saudi Arabia0.854Increase 0.60%
41 Hungary0.854Increase 0.30%
42 Bahrain0.852Increase 0.70%
43 Croatia0.851Increase 0.48%
44 Chile0.851Increase 0.65%
45 Qatar0.848Increase 0.19%
46 Argentina0.845Increase 0.21%
47 Brunei Darussalam0.838Increase 0.15%
48 Montenegro0.829Increase 0.37%
49 Romania0.828Increase 0.31%
50 Palau0.826Increase 0.55%
51 Kazakhstan0.825Increase 0.86%
52 Russia0.824Increase 0.60%
53 Belarus0.823Increase 0.39%
54 Turkey0.82Increase 1.16%
55 Uruguay0.817Increase 0.49%
56 Bulgaria0.816Increase 0.39%
57 Panama0.815Increase 0.58%
58 Barbados0.814Increase 0.23%
59 Bahamas0.814Increase 0.12%
60 Oman0.813Increase 0.43%
61 Georgia0.812Increase 0.87%
62 Malaysia0.81Increase 0.54%
63 Costa Rica0.81Increase 0.64%
64 Kuwait0.806Increase 0.25%
65 Serbia0.806Increase 0.57%
66 Mauritius0.804Increase 0.76%
67 Trinidad and Tobago0.796Increase 0.17%
68 Seychelles0.796Increase 0.46%
69 Albania0.795Increase 0.72%
70 Iran0.783Increase 0.60%
71 Cuba0.783Increase 0.03%
72 Sri Lanka0.782Increase 0.41%
73 Bosnia and Herzegovina0.78Increase 0.88%
74 Mexico0.779Increase 0.45%
75 Grenada0.779Increase 0.36%
76 Saint Kitts and Nevis0.779Increase 0.48%
77 Ukraine0.779Increase 0.35%
78 Anguilla0.778Increase 0.22%
79 Thailand0.777Increase 0.79%
80 Peru0.777Increase 0.83%
81 Armenia0.776Increase 0.42%
82 North Macedonia0.774Increase 0.46%
83 Colombia0.767Increase 0.57%
84 Brazil0.765Increase 0.57%
85 China0.761Increase 0.95%
86 Ecuador0.759Increase 0.50%
87 Saint Lucia0.759Increase 0.43%
88 Dominican Republic0.756Increase 0.76%
89 Azerbaijan0.756Increase 0.45%
90 Moldova0.75Increase 0.56%
91 Algeria0.748Increase 0.41%
92 Lebanon0.744Decrease 0.32%
93 Fiji0.743Increase 0.43%
94 Dominica0.742Increase 0.03%
95 Tunisia0.74Increase 0.37%
96 Maldives0.74Increase 0.86%
97 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines0.738Increase 0.31%
98 Suriname0.738Increase 0.43%
99 Mongolia0.737Increase 0.64%
100 Botswana0.735Increase 1.15%
101 Jamaica0.734Increase 0.03%
102 Jordan0.729Decrease 0.12%
103 Paraguay0.728Increase 0.50%
104 Tonga0.725Increase 0.41%
105 Libya0.724Decrease 1.08%
106 Uzbekistan0.72Increase 0.82%
107 Philippines0.718Increase 0.76%
108 Bolivia0.718Increase 0.82%
109 Indonesia0.718Increase 0.86%
110 Belize0.716Increase 0.33%
111 Turkmenistan0.715Increase 0.79%
112 Samoa0.715Increase 0.27%
113 Venezuela0.711Decrease 0.69%
114 South Africa0.709Increase 0.73%
115 Palestine0.708Increase 0.38%
116 Egypt0.707Increase 0.63%
117 Vietnam 0.704Increase 0.70%
118 Marshall Islands0.704NA[a]
119 Gabon0.703Increase 0.84%
120 Kyrgyzstan0.697Increase 0.57%
121 Morocco0.686Increase 1.20%
122 Guyana0.682Increase 0.55%
123 Iraq0.674Increase 0.65%
124 El Salvador0.673Increase 0.08%
125 Tajikistan0.668Increase 0.51%
126 Cape Verde0.665Increase 0.57%
127 Guatemala0.663Increase 1.00%
128 Nicaragua0.66Increase 0.66%
129 Bhutan0.654Increase 1.46%
130 Namibia0.646Increase 1.03%
131 India0.645Increase 1.21%
132 Honduras0.634Increase 0.43%
133 Bangladesh0.632Increase 1.41%
134 Kiribati0.63Increase 0.67%
135 Sao Tome and Principe0.625Increase 1.21%
136 Micronesia0.62Increase 0.35%
137 Laos0.613Increase 1.17%
138 Eswatini0.611Increase 2.03%
139 Ghana0.611Increase 0.87%
140 Vanuatu0.609Increase 0.35%
141 East Timor (Timor Leste)0.606Decrease 0.40%
142 Nepal0.602Increase 1.28%
143 Kenya0.601Increase 0.97%
144 Cambodia0.594Increase 1.09%
145 Equatorial Guinea0.592Increase 0.30%
146 Zambia0.584Increase 1.15%
147 Myanmar0.583Increase 1.39%
148 Angola0.581Increase 1.31%
149 Reunion0.574Increase 1.10%
150 Zimbabwe0.571Increase 1.90%
151 Syria0.567Decrease 1.87%
152 Solomon Islands0.567Increase 0.61%
153 Cameroon0.563Increase 1.22%
154 Pakistan0.557Increase 0.94%
155 Papua New Guinea0.555Increase 0.68%
156 Comoros0.554Increase 0.68%
157 Martinique0.546Increase 0.87%
158 Benin0.545Increase 1.10%
159 Uganda0.544Increase 0.99%
160 Rwanda0.543Increase 1.10%
161 Nigeria0.539Increase 1.25%
162 Ivory Coast (Cote d Ivoire)0.538Increase 1.56%
163 Tanzania0.529Increase 1.06%
164 Madagascar0.528Increase 0.36%
165 Lesotho0.527Increase 1.52%
166 Djibouti0.524Increase 1.61%
167 Togo0.515Increase 1.12%
168 Senegal0.512Increase 1.00%
169 Afghanistan0.511Increase 0.89%
170 Sudan0.51Increase 0.94%
171 Haiti0.51Increase 0.89%
172 Gambia0.496Increase 0.87%
173 Ethiopia0.485Increase 1.58%
174 Malawi0.483Increase 1.27%
175 Guinea Bissau0.48Increase 1.07%
176 Congo (the Democratic Republic)0.48Increase 1.10%
177 Liberia0.48Increase 0.60%
178 Guinea0.477Increase 1.53%
179 Yemen0.47Decrease 0.82%
180 Eritrea0.459Increase 0.57%
181 Mozambique0.456Increase 1.44%
182 Burkina Faso0.452Increase 1.83%
183 Sierra Leone0.452Increase 1.40%
184 Mali0.434Increase 0.69%
185 Burundi0.433Increase 0.58%
186 South Sudan0.433Increase 0.61%
187 Chad0.398Increase 0.84%
188 Central African Republic0.397Increase 0.94%
189 Niger0.394Increase 1.95%